Elevation and characteristics of Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 expression in an early phase of liver regeneration in the mouse

  • Authors:
    • Mitsuru Chiba
    • Soichiro Murata
    • Andriy Myronovych
    • Keisuke Kohno
    • Noriko Hiraiwa
    • Masahide Nishibori
    • Hiroshi Yasue
    • Nobuhiro Ohkohchi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 9, 2011     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.614
  • Pages: 567-574
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Abstract

Recent studies have revealed that cytokines, including TNFα and IL-6 play key roles in the priming phase of liver regeneration. However, further knowledge of molecular events in the priming phase is needed for more comprehensively understanding the initiation of liver regeneration. In the present study, we attempted to identify additional genes involved in an early phase (2-6 h post partial hepatectomy, PH). The expression of 71 genes was shown to be up-regulated more than 3-fold in the liver at 2 h and 6 h post PH, as compared to 0 h (normal livers) using microarray analysis. Among them, Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9, were identified as novel genes up-regulated over 20-fold at 2 h post PH as compared to normal liver, and were further examined by RT-qPCR to confirm microarray results. Rab30 showed no significant up-regulation in organs other than the liver, whereas S100a8/S100a9 showed significant up-regulation in other organs, such as the lung and spleen at 6 h post PH as compared to those of sham-operated mice, indicating the existence of a different up-regulation machinery between Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9. Their expression was further investigated in the liver at various developmental stages. Rab30 was shown to be expressed only in newborn liver, whereas S100a8/S100a9 was highly expressed in embryo stages, and exhibited the highest levels in newborn liver. These findings imply that Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 are possibly involved in the functional switch from hematopoiesis support to metabolism in the newborn stage, but might play different roles in liver development. In conclusion, Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 were indicated to play roles in the initiation of liver regeneration as well as possibly in the functional switch of the liver in the newborn stage.

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April 2011
Volume 27 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Chiba, M., Murata, S., Myronovych, A., Kohno, K., Hiraiwa, N., Nishibori, M. ... Ohkohchi, N. (2011). Elevation and characteristics of Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 expression in an early phase of liver regeneration in the mouse. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 27, 567-574. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.614
MLA
Chiba, M., Murata, S., Myronovych, A., Kohno, K., Hiraiwa, N., Nishibori, M., Yasue, H., Ohkohchi, N."Elevation and characteristics of Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 expression in an early phase of liver regeneration in the mouse". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 27.4 (2011): 567-574.
Chicago
Chiba, M., Murata, S., Myronovych, A., Kohno, K., Hiraiwa, N., Nishibori, M., Yasue, H., Ohkohchi, N."Elevation and characteristics of Rab30 and S100a8/S100a9 expression in an early phase of liver regeneration in the mouse". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 27, no. 4 (2011): 567-574. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.614