Suppressive effect of genistein on rat bone osteoclasts: involvement of protein kinase inhibition and protein tyrosine phosphatase activation.
Affiliations: Laboratory of Endocrinology, Graduate School of Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan.
- Published online on: March 1, 2000 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.5.3.261
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The suppressive effect of genistein on osteoclast-like multinucleated cells from rat femoral tissues was investigated. The bone cells isolated from rat femoral tissues were cultured for 48 h in an alpha-minimal essential medium (5% fetal bovine serum) containing either vehicle or genistein (10(-7)-10(-5) M). Osteoclasts were estimated by staining for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, a marker enzyme of osteoclasts. The presence of genistein caused a significant decrease in the number of osteoclasts. Such a decrease was also seen in the presence of calcium choride (10(-5) M). Magnesium chloride (10(-5)-10(-3) M), a blocker of Ca2+ channels, had no effect on the number of osteoclasts. The effect of genistein (10(-5) M) or calcium (10(-3) M) in decreasing osteoclasts was significantly prevented by the presence of magnesium (10-3 M). Vanadate (10(-6)-10(-4) M), an inhibitor of protein tyrosine phosphatase activity, did not have an effect on the number of osteoclasts. The genistein's effect was not altered by vanadate. When isolated osteoclasts were cultured for 24 h in the presence of genistein (10(-7)-10(-5) M), protein kinase activity in the 5500 g supernatant of homogenate of the cells was significantly decreased, while protein tyrosine phosphatase activity was significantly elevated. Such an effect was also seen by the addition of genistein (10(-7)-10(-5) in the enzyme reaction mixture in vitro. The present study suggests that the suppressive effect of genistein on rat bone osteoclasts is partly involved in the inhibition of protein kinase and the activation of protein tyrosine phosphatase in osteoclasts.