Genomic organization and chromosomal mapping of SPARC-like 1, a gene down regulated in cancers
Affiliations: Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Department of Research, University Hospital Basle, CH-4031 Basle, Switzerland
- Published online on: March 1, 2001 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.18.3.521
- Pages: 521-526
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Human SPARC-like 1 (SPARCL1), also known as MAST9 or hevin, is a member of the SPARC protein family. Originally we identified SPARCL1 as one of the genes down regulated in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recent reports indicate that the down regulation of SPARCL1 also occurs in prostate and colon carcinomas, suggesting that SPARCL1 inactivation is a common event not only in NSCLCs but also in other tumors of epithelial origin. In the present work we report the cloning and mapping of the genomic locus of human SPARCL1. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis, SPARCL1 was localized to chromosome 4q22-25, a region often deleted in human cancers. Furthermore, we show that the intron/exon organization of the human SPARCL1 gene is similar to its murine homologue SC1. SPARCL1 contains 11 exons and 10 introns which span ≈47 kb of the genome. We also sequenced the 5'-flanking region of the human SPARCL1 gene containing 2.4 kb of the putative promoter region. The data presented herein are a prerequisite for deletion/mutation analysis of the SPARCL1 gene in tumors. In addition, knowledge of the SPARCL1 promoter sequence allows to investigate the regulation of SPARCL1 expression on the transcriptional level. Taken together our results will help to clarify the function of SPARCL1 in tumor formation.