Promoter methylation of BRCA1 is associated with estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor receptor‑negative tumors and the prognosis of breast cancer: A meta-analysis

  • Authors:
    • Taiyan Guo
    • Yongyong Ren
    • Boyuan Wang
    • Yingze Huang
    • Shuting Jia
    • Wenru Tang
    • Ying Luo
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 11, 2015     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2015.620
  • Pages: 1353-1360
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Abstract

Aberrant methylation of the breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) promoter is a mechanism for its functional inactivation. It may potentially be used as a prognostic marker in studies for patients with breast cancer and plays an important role in tumorigenesis. Numerous studies have suggested that the methylation of the BRCA1 promoter is associated with the prognosis of breast cancer. However, the prognosis of BRCA1 promoter methylation in breast cancer patients of different ethnicities remains ambiguous. The present meta‑analysis was performed to adjust and augment a previously published study, which estimated the correlations between promoter methylation of BRCA1 and the clinical outcomes of breast cancer patients. These results indicated that BRCA1 methylation was significantly correlated with a poor prognosis of breast cancer, particularly for Asian patients, but the correlation was over‑estimated in the previous study. The combined hazard ratios (HRs) in the present study were 1.76 (1.15‑2.68) and 1.97 (1.12‑3.44) for univariate and multivariate analysis of overall survival, which were different from 2.02 (1.35‑3.03) and 1.38 (1.04‑1.84) in the previous study. For studies of disease‑free survival, the univariate and multivariate analyses also have different pooled HRs: 2.89 (1.73‑4.83) and 3.92 (1.49‑10.32) in the previously published study and 1.28 (0.68‑2.43) and 1.64 (0.64‑4.19) in the present study. In addition, the BRCA1 promoter regions used to detect the hypermethylation were different. All the studies using the Baldwin's primer reported that breast cancer patients with BRCA1 promoter methylation had a better prognosis. There were also correlations between BRCA1 promoter methylation and receptor‑negativity of the estrogen receptors, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and a triple‑negative status. Patients with the estrogen, progesterone and epidermal growth factor‑related receptor‑negative status were more likely to be negative for the BRCA1 protein.
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November 2015
Volume 3 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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APA
Guo, T., Ren, Y., Wang, B., Huang, Y., Jia, S., Tang, W., & Luo, Y. (2015). Promoter methylation of BRCA1 is associated with estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor receptor‑negative tumors and the prognosis of breast cancer: A meta-analysis. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 3, 1353-1360. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2015.620
MLA
Guo, T., Ren, Y., Wang, B., Huang, Y., Jia, S., Tang, W., Luo, Y."Promoter methylation of BRCA1 is associated with estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor receptor‑negative tumors and the prognosis of breast cancer: A meta-analysis". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 3.6 (2015): 1353-1360.
Chicago
Guo, T., Ren, Y., Wang, B., Huang, Y., Jia, S., Tang, W., Luo, Y."Promoter methylation of BRCA1 is associated with estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor receptor‑negative tumors and the prognosis of breast cancer: A meta-analysis". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 3, no. 6 (2015): 1353-1360. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2015.620