Burn trauma in skeletal muscle results in oxidative stress as assessed by in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance

  • Authors:
    • Nadeem Khan
    • Sriram P. Mupparaju
    • Dionyssios Mintzopoulos
    • Meenu Kesarwani
    • Valeria Righi
    • Laurence G. Rahme
    • Harold M. Swartz
    • A. Aria Tzika
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 1, 2008     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr_00000033
  • Pages: 813-819
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Abstract

Using a mouse model, we tested the hypotheses that severe burn trauma causes metabolic disturbances in skeletal muscle, and that these can be measured and repeatedly followed by in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). We used a 1.2-GHz (L-band) EPR spectrometer to measure partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) levels, redox status and oxidative stress following a non-lethal burn trauma model to the left hind limbs of mice. Results obtained in the burned mouse gastrocnemius muscle indicated a significant decrease in tissue pO2 immediately (P=0.032) and at 6 h post burn (P=0.004), compared to the gastrocnemius of the unburned hind limb. The redox status of the skeletal muscle also peaked at 6 h post burn (P=0.027) in burned mice. In addition, there was an increase in the EPR signal of the nitroxide produced by oxidation of the hydroxylamine (CP-H) probe at 12 h post burn injury, indicating a burn-induced increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). The nitroxide signal continued to increase between 12 and 24 h, suggesting a further increase in ROS generation post burn. These results confirm genomic results, which indicate a downregulation of antioxidant genes and therefore strongly suggest the dysfunction of the mitochondrial oxidative system. We believe that the direct measurement of tissue parameters such as pO2, redox and ROS by EPR may be used to complement measurements by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in order to assess tissue damage and the therapeutic effectiveness of antioxidant agents in severe burn trauma.

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November 2008
Volume 1 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Khan, N., Mupparaju, S.P., Mintzopoulos, D., Kesarwani, M., Righi, V., Rahme, L.G. ... Tzika, A.A. (2008). Burn trauma in skeletal muscle results in oxidative stress as assessed by in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance. Molecular Medicine Reports, 1, 813-819. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr_00000033
MLA
Khan, N., Mupparaju, S. P., Mintzopoulos, D., Kesarwani, M., Righi, V., Rahme, L. G., Swartz, H. M., Tzika, A. A."Burn trauma in skeletal muscle results in oxidative stress as assessed by in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance". Molecular Medicine Reports 1.6 (2008): 813-819.
Chicago
Khan, N., Mupparaju, S. P., Mintzopoulos, D., Kesarwani, M., Righi, V., Rahme, L. G., Swartz, H. M., Tzika, A. A."Burn trauma in skeletal muscle results in oxidative stress as assessed by in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance". Molecular Medicine Reports 1, no. 6 (2008): 813-819. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr_00000033