Circular RNA expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in rheumatoid arthritis patients, based on microarray chip technology
- Fengping Zheng
- Xiangqi Yu
- Jiahuang Huang
- Yong Dai
Published online on: September 27, 2017
Copyright: © Zheng et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic synovial inflammation and finally leads to variable degrees of bone and cartilage erosion. The diagnosis of RA is not an accurate indicator, but a series of scores and the mechanisms underlying it remain only partially understood. The present study explored whether circular RNAs (circRNAs) contribute to the RA pathophysiological mechanism. Total RNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 10 RA patients and 10 healthy controls were extracted and circRNA expression profiling was followed by microarray analysis. In addition, circRNA interactions with microRNAs were performed and microRNA response elements were listed to identify differentially expressed binding site targets in RA. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction amplification (RT‑qPCR) was used to verify the differential expression of circRNAs. A total of 584 circRNAs were differentially expressed in RA patients vs. healthy controls, by circRNA microarray, including 255 circRNAs which were significantly upregulated and 329 downregulated among the RA samples. RT‑qPCR validation demonstrated that the expression levels of hsa_circRNA_104194, hsa_circRNA_104593, hsa_circRNA_103334, hsa_circRNA_101407 and hsa_circRNA_102594 were consistent with the results from the microarray analysis. The current study presented differentially expressed circRNAs and their corresponding microRNA binding sites in RA. circRNAs may exhibit a role in the regulation of expression of symbol genes that influence the occurrence and development of RA.