Open Access

How should Indonesia consider its neglected tropical diseases in the COVID-19 era? Hopes and challenges (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Shifa Fauziyah
    • Serius Miliyani Dwi Putri
    • Zukhaila Salma
    • Hamidah Retno Wardhani
    • Faradila Khoirun Nisa' Hakim
    • Teguh Hari Sucipto
    • Febriana Aquaresta
    • Soegeng Soegijanto
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 6, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2021.1429
  • Article Number: 53
  • Copyright: © Fauziyah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19) pandemic, some countries, including Indonesia, have faced a double burden with regards to disease control. As Indonesia is a tropical country, it serves as a suitable host for disease vectors and multiple microorganisms of causative agents of disease. In total, five of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) should be a consideration in Indonesia during the COVID‑19 pandemic, including leprosy, yaws, filariasis, soil‑transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis. The present review summarises the preparedness of Indonesia in facing NTDs during the COVID‑19 pandemic. Strengthening government leadership will be a valuable factor for combating NTDs in Indonesia. For instance, strong leadership can lead to precise management, by increasing the number of health facilities, engaging in active case identification, conducting health campaigns and instituting new regulations to prevent the stigmatization faced by patients. Preventive medicine in the first level of health facilities can be prioritized and presented to the community via health campaigns, health advocacy and improvement in follow‑up after active case surveillance. Government‑supported integrated management is also a key component in eliminating NTD. Moreover, healthy lifestyle campaigns that include social distancing, wearing a mask and regularly washing hands should be promoted continuously to reduce the transmission of COVID‑19, which is potentially associated with a poor outcome in individuals with NTDs. This review concluded that the Indonesian government should strengthen their efforts toward NTD control using alternative methods, such as involving key citizens in the collaboration of the detection of new cases and introducing mobile health as a means of detecting health problems or following up on patient progress. To reduce the transmission of COVID‑19, testing, tracing and treatment must be improved, so that the gap between suspected cases and confirmed cases of COVID‑19 can be closed. If the transmission of COVID‑19 can be decreased, case detection and efforts toward NTD control can be conducted effectively.

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June-2021
Volume 14 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 2049-9434
Online ISSN:2049-9442

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Spandidos Publications style
Fauziyah S, Putri SM, Salma Z, Wardhani HR, Hakim FK, Sucipto TH, Aquaresta F and Soegijanto S: How should Indonesia consider its neglected tropical diseases in the COVID-19 era? Hopes and challenges (Review). Biomed Rep 14: 53, 2021
APA
Fauziyah, S., Putri, S.M., Salma, Z., Wardhani, H.R., Hakim, F.K., Sucipto, T.H. ... Soegijanto, S. (2021). How should Indonesia consider its neglected tropical diseases in the COVID-19 era? Hopes and challenges (Review). Biomedical Reports, 14, 53. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2021.1429
MLA
Fauziyah, S., Putri, S. M., Salma, Z., Wardhani, H. R., Hakim, F. K., Sucipto, T. H., Aquaresta, F., Soegijanto, S."How should Indonesia consider its neglected tropical diseases in the COVID-19 era? Hopes and challenges (Review)". Biomedical Reports 14.6 (2021): 53.
Chicago
Fauziyah, S., Putri, S. M., Salma, Z., Wardhani, H. R., Hakim, F. K., Sucipto, T. H., Aquaresta, F., Soegijanto, S."How should Indonesia consider its neglected tropical diseases in the COVID-19 era? Hopes and challenges (Review)". Biomedical Reports 14, no. 6 (2021): 53. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2021.1429