Clinical treatment of malignant hyperthermia in three cases
- Tao Pan
- Wenli Ji
- Mengqi Nie
- Yang Li
Affiliations: Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Xiangyang Hospital Affiliated to Hubei University of Medicine, Wuhan, Hubei 441000, P.R. China
- Published online on: September 16, 2016 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2016.3712
Copyright: © Pan
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare life threatening inherited disorder that is triggered by drugs used for general anesthesia in susceptible persons. The symptoms include rapid increase of body temperature and severe muscle contractions. The present study includes 3 cases of MH and highlights the timely identification of symptoms for rescuing the patient. In case I, a 7-year-old male child underwent surgery with ketamine at a dose of 250 mg. After 4 h of operation, the child went through convulsions, high fever and succumbed within a few hours. High fever was not detected in a timely manner, which is one of the main symptoms of MH. In case II, a 12-year-old male child had convulsions and high fever after simple surgery caused by MH. Once confirmed, immediate measures were taken to lower the body temperature and the child was rescued. In case III, a male 57-year-old was admitted to hospital due to paraplegia. The patient underwent more critical conditions once symptoms of MH appeared. Additionally, antidote dantrolene was unavailable in the first and third case; thus, the progression of disease was not alleviated although active symptomatic and supportive treatment were employed.