Open Access

Determination of the ED50 and ED95 of intravenous bolus of norepinephrine for the treatment of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery

  • Authors:
    • Tingting Wang
    • Qiuli He
    • Wangping Zhang
    • Jianjun Zhu
    • Huadong Ni
    • Rui Yang
    • Qianying Liu
    • Longsheng Xu
    • Ming Yao
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 20, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.8360
  • Pages: 1763-1770
  • Copyright: © Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

Norepinephrine is considered as a potential alternative for blood pressure stabilization during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery, as it maintains a better maternal heart rate and cardiac output compared with phenylephrine. However, its use as a bolus dose for hypotension treatment remains largely unexplored. Therefore, the present study investigated the ED50 and ED95 of norepinephrine as a bolus for maternal hypotension during cesarean delivery. In the present prospective trial, 42 patients were enrolled for elective delivery under spinal anesthesia. The dose of norepinephrine was decided by the up‑and‑down sequential allocation method (UDM) with an initial dose of 0.075 µg/kg and a 0.025 µg/kg increment. The 42 patients received a bolus of norepinephrine when systolic blood pressure fell to <80% of baseline. The ED50 was calculated by the sequential method and the probit regression model. The ED95 was then calculated using the probit regression model. The ED50 of norepinephrine, which was determined by the UDM, was 0.067 µg/kg (95% CI, 0.056‑0.081). The probit regression model calculated an ED50 of 0.072 µg/kg (95% CI, 0.056‑0.088) and an ED95 of 0.121 µg/kg (95% CI, 0.1‑0.207). In summary, the present results suggested the ED50 of a bolus norepinephrine for preventing hypotension in elective CD is 0.067 µg/kg (95% CI, 0.056‑0.081), with an ED95 of 0.121 µg/kg (95% CI, 0.1‑0.207).

Related Articles

Journal Cover

March 2020
Volume 19 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
x
APA
Wang, T., He, Q., Zhang, W., Zhu, J., Ni, H., Yang, R. ... Yao, M. (2020). Determination of the ED50 and ED95 of intravenous bolus of norepinephrine for the treatment of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 19, 1763-1770. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.8360
MLA
Wang, T., He, Q., Zhang, W., Zhu, J., Ni, H., Yang, R., Liu, Q., Xu, L., Yao, M."Determination of the ED50 and ED95 of intravenous bolus of norepinephrine for the treatment of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 19.3 (2020): 1763-1770.
Chicago
Wang, T., He, Q., Zhang, W., Zhu, J., Ni, H., Yang, R., Liu, Q., Xu, L., Yao, M."Determination of the ED50 and ED95 of intravenous bolus of norepinephrine for the treatment of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 19, no. 3 (2020): 1763-1770. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.8360