Open Access

Prevalence of allergen sensitization among 1,091 patients with urticaria

  • Authors:
    • Jie‑Dan Ping
    • Jun‑Wei Zhao
    • Xiao‑Xu Sun
    • Fan Wu
    • Zhi‑Yun Jiang
    • Zhe Cheng
    • Lei Zheng
    • Hai‑Kuo Xue
    • Jing‑Jing Yang
    • Liang Ming
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 23, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.8367
  • Pages: 1908-1914
  • Copyright: © Ping et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The etiology of urticaria is heterogeneous and allergic responses may be involved in it. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and distribution of sensitivity to inhaled and food allergens among patients with urticaria in Henan province (China). The levels of specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) were detected using the AllergyScreen test and a total of 524/1,091 cases (48.0%) tested positive for sIgE to at least one of the 19 allergens. The most common inhaled allergens the urticaria patients were sensitive to were D. pteronyssinus (34.5%), cockroach (12.5%) and tree pollen mix (11.1%), while the food allergens with the highest rate of allergic reactions were cashew nut (8.1%), shrimp (6.8%) and crab (6.4%). The positive rates for D. pteronyssinus, dog hair, cockroach, mold mix, tree pollen mix and shrimp in the chronic urticaria group were higher than those in the acute urticaria group (P<0.05). Furthermore, positive rates for the majority of allergens were higher in males than in females and were significantly different between age groups (P<0.05). The results of the present study provided information on the characteristics of allergen sensitization of patients with urticaria and may facilitate the prevention, diagnosis and management of urticaria in Henan province.
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March 2020
Volume 19 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
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APA
Ping, J., Zhao, J., Sun, X., Wu, F., Jiang, Z., Cheng, Z. ... Ming, L. (2020). Prevalence of allergen sensitization among 1,091 patients with urticaria. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 19, 1908-1914. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.8367
MLA
Ping, J., Zhao, J., Sun, X., Wu, F., Jiang, Z., Cheng, Z., Zheng, L., Xue, H., Yang, J., Ming, L."Prevalence of allergen sensitization among 1,091 patients with urticaria". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 19.3 (2020): 1908-1914.
Chicago
Ping, J., Zhao, J., Sun, X., Wu, F., Jiang, Z., Cheng, Z., Zheng, L., Xue, H., Yang, J., Ming, L."Prevalence of allergen sensitization among 1,091 patients with urticaria". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 19, no. 3 (2020): 1908-1914. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.8367