Open Access

Prognostic value of the combination of GRACE risk score and mean platelet volume to lymphocyte count ratio in patients with ST‑segment elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention

  • Authors:
    • Xinsen Chen
    • Meng Shao
    • Tian Zhang
    • Wei Zhang
    • Youbao Meng
    • Hongyan Zhang
    • Hua Hai
    • Guihua Li
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 26, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8626
  • Copyright: © Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score and the mean platelet volume to lymphocyte count ratio (MPVLR) can be used independently to predict adverse outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes. However, the level of MPVLR in relation to the GRACE score, and whether a combination of these methods can better predict the clinical adverse outcome of patients with ST‑segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), have not been previously examined. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether the combination of GRACE risk score and MPVLR is a good predictor of a 30‑day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with STEMI. A total of 464 patients with STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled, and divided into four groups based on the optimal cut‑off values for GRACE score and MPVLR. GRACE score and MPVLR levels were separately recorded during admission. Spearman's rank correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between GRACE score and MPVLR (ρ=0.304; P<0.001). Both GRACE score [hazard ratio (HR), 1.706; 95% CI, 1.435‑3.058; P<0.001] and MPVLR level (HR, 1.668; 95% CI, 1.202‑2.170; P<0.001) were found to be independent predictors of a 30‑day MACE. Additionally, the high MPVLR + high GRACE score group of patients had an HR of 2.455 (95% CI, 1.736‑3.188) for a 30‑day MACE, when using the low MPVLR + low GRACE score group as a reference. Based on the area under the curve, MPVLR combined with GRACE scores achieved an improved performance in differentiating angiographic no‑reflow during a 30‑day MACE, compared with individual MPVLR and GRACE scores. Therefore, the present results suggested that the GRACE score may be positively correlated with MPVLR and that their combination accurately predicted the occurrence of short‑term MACE in patients with STEMI after PCI.

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APA
Chen, X., Shao, M., Zhang, T., Zhang, W., Meng, Y., Zhang, H. ... Li, G. (1899). Prognostic value of the combination of GRACE risk score and mean platelet volume to lymphocyte count ratio in patients with ST‑segment elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 0, 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8626
MLA
Chen, X., Shao, M., Zhang, T., Zhang, W., Meng, Y., Zhang, H., Hai, H., Li, G."Prognostic value of the combination of GRACE risk score and mean platelet volume to lymphocyte count ratio in patients with ST‑segment elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Chen, X., Shao, M., Zhang, T., Zhang, W., Meng, Y., Zhang, H., Hai, H., Li, G."Prognostic value of the combination of GRACE risk score and mean platelet volume to lymphocyte count ratio in patients with ST‑segment elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8626