Open Access

Clinical efficacy of treatment for primary tracheal tumors by flexible bronchoscopy: Airway stenosis recanalization and quality of life

  • Authors:
    • Ze‑Rui Hao
    • Zhou‑Hong Yao
    • Jing‑Quan Zhao
    • De‑Zhi Li
    • Yun‑Yan Wan
    • Yan‑Meng Kang
    • Dian‑Jie Lin
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 17, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8900
  • Pages: 2099-2105
  • Copyright: © Hao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventional treatment of primary tracheal tumors through flexible bronchoscopy. The clinical data of 38 patients with primary tracheal tumours who underwent flexible bronchoscopy intervention therapy between January 2011 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The average time interval from onset of symptoms to the appearance of actual clinical manifestations in the 38 patients ranged from 0 to 60 months, with an average of 8.1±11.6 months and a median of 4.2 months. The rate of misdiagnosis at the first visit was 36.8% (14/38). After interventional treatment, the overall efficiency (complete + partial response) of airway stenosis recanalization in the 38 patients was 89.5%. In 3 patients with benign tumors, the anhelation score was reduced following treatment (1.00±0.77 vs. 3.13±1.21 at the pre‑treatment stage; P<0.001). The overall survival rates of the 35 patients at 1, 3 and 5 years were 69.3, 48.7 and 20.3%, respectively. Therefore, flexible bronchoscopic intervention may effectively smoothen the airways of patients and relieve the symptoms of anhelation. Combining radiotherapy and chemotherapy may improve patient prognosis and safety.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Hao ZR, Yao ZH, Zhao JQ, Li DZ, Wan YY, Kang YM and Lin DJ: Clinical efficacy of treatment for primary tracheal tumors by flexible bronchoscopy: Airway stenosis recanalization and quality of life. Exp Ther Med 20: 2099-2105, 2020
APA
Hao, Z., Yao, Z., Zhao, J., Li, D., Wan, Y., Kang, Y., & Lin, D. (2020). Clinical efficacy of treatment for primary tracheal tumors by flexible bronchoscopy: Airway stenosis recanalization and quality of life. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 2099-2105. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8900
MLA
Hao, Z., Yao, Z., Zhao, J., Li, D., Wan, Y., Kang, Y., Lin, D."Clinical efficacy of treatment for primary tracheal tumors by flexible bronchoscopy: Airway stenosis recanalization and quality of life". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.3 (2020): 2099-2105.
Chicago
Hao, Z., Yao, Z., Zhao, J., Li, D., Wan, Y., Kang, Y., Lin, D."Clinical efficacy of treatment for primary tracheal tumors by flexible bronchoscopy: Airway stenosis recanalization and quality of life". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 3 (2020): 2099-2105. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8900