Open Access

Molecular typing, and integron and associated gene cassette analyses in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from clinical samples

  • Authors:
    • Lingqing Xu
    • Shufei Deng
    • Weihong Wen
    • Yingxian Tang
    • Linjuan Chen
    • Yuzhen Li
    • Guoquan Zhong
    • Jiehua Li
    • Wei‑Jen Ting
    • Bishi Fu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 19, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8911
  • Pages: 1943-1952
  • Copyright: © Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the association between drug resistance and class I, II and III integrons in Acinetobacter baumannii (ABA). Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is a tool used to analyze the homology among house‑keeping gene clusters in ABA and ABA prevalence and further provides a theoretical basis for hospitals to control ABA infections. A total of 96 clinical isolates of non‑repeating ABA were harvested, including 74 carbapenem‑resistant ABA (CRABA) and 22 non‑CRABA strains, and used for bacterial identification and drug susceptibility analysis. Variable regions were sequenced and analyzed. Then, 7 pairs of housekeeping genes were amplified and sequenced via MLST and sequence alignment was performed against the Pub MLST database to determine sequence types (STs) strains and construct different genotypic evolutionary diagrams. The detection rate of CRABA class I integrons was 13.51% (10/74); no class II and III integrons were detected. However, class I, II and III integrons were not detected in non‑CRABA strains. The variable regions of 9 of 10 class I integrons were amplified and 10 gene cassettes including aacC1, aac1, aadDA1, aadA1a, aacA4, dfrA17, aadA5, aadA1, aadA22 and aadA23 were associated with drug resistance. The 96 ABA strains were divided into 21 STs: 74 CRABA strains containing 9 STs, primarily ST208 and ST1145 and 22 non‑CRABA strains containing 18 STs, primarily ST1145. Class I integrons are a critical factor underlying drug resistance in ABA. CRABA and non‑CRABA strains differ significantly; the former primarily contained ST208 and ST1145, and the latter contained ST1145. Most STs were concentrated in intensive care units (ICUs) and the department of Neurology, with the patients from the ICUs being the most susceptible to bacterial infection. In the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Qingyuan People's Hospital, ABA is potentially horizontally transmitted and MLST can be used for clinical ABA genotyping.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

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Spandidos Publications style
Xu L, Deng S, Wen W, Tang Y, Chen L, Li Y, Zhong G, Li J, Ting WJ, Fu B, Fu B, et al: Molecular typing, and integron and associated gene cassette analyses in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from clinical samples. Exp Ther Med 20: 1943-1952, 2020
APA
Xu, L., Deng, S., Wen, W., Tang, Y., Chen, L., Li, Y. ... Fu, B. (2020). Molecular typing, and integron and associated gene cassette analyses in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from clinical samples. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 1943-1952. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8911
MLA
Xu, L., Deng, S., Wen, W., Tang, Y., Chen, L., Li, Y., Zhong, G., Li, J., Ting, W., Fu, B."Molecular typing, and integron and associated gene cassette analyses in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from clinical samples". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.3 (2020): 1943-1952.
Chicago
Xu, L., Deng, S., Wen, W., Tang, Y., Chen, L., Li, Y., Zhong, G., Li, J., Ting, W., Fu, B."Molecular typing, and integron and associated gene cassette analyses in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from clinical samples". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 3 (2020): 1943-1952. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8911