Open Access

Cytomegalovirus seroprevalence in pregnant women in the western region of Romania: A large‑scale study

  • Authors:
    • Florin Gorun
    • Sorin Motoi
    • Daniel Malita
    • Dan Bogdan Navolan
    • Dragos Nemescu
    • Tudor Rares Olariu
    • Marius Craina
    • Tatjana Vilibic‑Cavlek
    • Ioana Ciohat
    • Daniel Boda
    • Amadeus Dobrescu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 25, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8945
  • Pages: 2439-2443
  • Copyright: © Gorun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common congenital infection worldwide, and remains a significant cause of the neurological deficiency and sensory deafness in developed countries. Maternal primary infection, reactivation or reinfection during pregnancy may lead to fetal infection and congenital CMV syndrome. The purpose of this study was to analyze the CMV seroprevalence according to demographic features of pregnant women in western Romania as well as the evolution of CMV immunity in two time intervals. IgG anti‑CMV antibodies were tested in sera of 8,951 pregnant women during two successive intervals: 2008‑2010 (n=1466) and 2015‑2018 (n=7485). The CMV seroprevalence in women of reproductive age decreased from 94.6 to 91.80% in the last decade. The seroprevalence was higher in women from rural areas compared with those from urban areas. These results show that the western region of Romania has a low‑risk profile for primary CMV infection during pregnancy due to a large number of seropositive women. However, this risk has increased in the last ten years, from 5.4 to 8.2%, which may show the need to implement a national screening program.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Gorun F, Motoi S, Malita D, Navolan DB, Nemescu D, Olariu TR, Craina M, Vilibic‑Cavlek T, Ciohat I, Boda D, Boda D, et al: Cytomegalovirus seroprevalence in pregnant women in the western region of Romania: A large‑scale study. Exp Ther Med 20: 2439-2443, 2020
APA
Gorun, F., Motoi, S., Malita, D., Navolan, D.B., Nemescu, D., Olariu, T.R. ... Dobrescu, A. (2020). Cytomegalovirus seroprevalence in pregnant women in the western region of Romania: A large‑scale study. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 2439-2443. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8945
MLA
Gorun, F., Motoi, S., Malita, D., Navolan, D. B., Nemescu, D., Olariu, T. R., Craina, M., Vilibic‑Cavlek, T., Ciohat, I., Boda, D., Dobrescu, A."Cytomegalovirus seroprevalence in pregnant women in the western region of Romania: A large‑scale study". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.3 (2020): 2439-2443.
Chicago
Gorun, F., Motoi, S., Malita, D., Navolan, D. B., Nemescu, D., Olariu, T. R., Craina, M., Vilibic‑Cavlek, T., Ciohat, I., Boda, D., Dobrescu, A."Cytomegalovirus seroprevalence in pregnant women in the western region of Romania: A large‑scale study". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 3 (2020): 2439-2443. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8945