Aggressive behavior in psychiatric patients in relation to hormonal imbalance (Review)
- Simona Corina Trifu
- Alexandra Tudor
- Ioana Radulescu
Affiliations: Department of Neurosciences, ̔Carol Davila̓ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 020021 Bucharest, Romania, Department of Psychiatry, ̔Alex. Obregia̓ Clinical Hospital of Psychiatry, 041914 Bucharest, Romania, Department of General Medicine, ̔Carol Davila̓ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
- Published online on: July 7, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8974
Copyright: © Trifu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Aggressive behavior is one of the main characteristics of different psychiatric disorders such as: personality disorders (antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder), schizophrenia, intermittent explosive disorder, post‑traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, depression, alcohol/substance induced psychiatric disorders. Epidemiological evidence shows that always there is a higher risk of violence and aggressivity among patients with psychiatric disorders compared with general population. Researchers have tried many times to narrow the theories that can explain such a behavior, starting from models that involve a link between illness and aggression going up to external‑environmental factors including the therapeutic relation in the hospital. Even if the majority of studies are centered on intoxications (with alcohol or other substances that potentiate the aggressive behavior) we will highlight another somatic dimension linked with this behavior. In the following review we summarize the hormonal imbalances that have been noted to accompany aggressive behavior in different psychiatric disorders. Several studies have been made starting even at the age of ten corelating hormone cortisol with increase aggression, but patients with psychiatric disorders have a higher sensitivity in linking hormonal imbalance with their behavior.