Efficacy and safety of vascular intervention combined with intravenous thrombolysis in treatment of acute intracranial arterial occlusion

  • Authors:
    • Dawei Zhu
    • Qunshuan Wang
    • Wenjin Zhao
    • Chengye Li
    • Lixia Xu
    • Shunfan Liu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 21, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9027
  • Pages: 2903-2908
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Abstract

Efficacy and safety of vascular intervention combined with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) was investigated in the treatment of acute intracranial arterial occlusion (AIAO). Ninety‑two patients with AIAO treated in People's Hospital of Tongchuan from January 2014 to February 2016 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Forty‑two patients were treated with vascular intervention (control group), while another 50 patients were treated with vascular intervention combined with IVT (study group). They were observed in terms of the improvement of clinical efficacy after treatment, the comparison of complications after treatment, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score after treatment, the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 3 months after treatment, and the Mini‑Mental State Examination (MMSE) score at 3 months after treatment. Compared with those in the control group, patients in the study group had statistically significantly higher marked effectiveness and statistically significantly lower ineffectiveness (P=0.018), and a statistically significantly higher overall effective rate (P=0.042). The NIHSS score in the study group was statistically significantly lower than that in the control group after treatment (P=0.001). There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the mRS score at 3 months after treatment (Z=8.764, P>0.05). Compared with those in the control group, patients in the study group had a statistically significantly higher MMSE score after treatment, and a statistically significantly lower total incidence of postoperative complications (P=0.001). Vascular intervention combined with IVT has good efficacy and high safety in the treatment of AIAO, and the combination can statistically significantly improve patients' quality of life, so it has a good clinical application value.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

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Spandidos Publications style
Zhu D, Wang Q, Zhao W, Li C, Xu L and Liu S: Efficacy and safety of vascular intervention combined with intravenous thrombolysis in treatment of acute intracranial arterial occlusion. Exp Ther Med 20: 2903-2908, 2020
APA
Zhu, D., Wang, Q., Zhao, W., Li, C., Xu, L., & Liu, S. (2020). Efficacy and safety of vascular intervention combined with intravenous thrombolysis in treatment of acute intracranial arterial occlusion. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 2903-2908. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9027
MLA
Zhu, D., Wang, Q., Zhao, W., Li, C., Xu, L., Liu, S."Efficacy and safety of vascular intervention combined with intravenous thrombolysis in treatment of acute intracranial arterial occlusion". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.3 (2020): 2903-2908.
Chicago
Zhu, D., Wang, Q., Zhao, W., Li, C., Xu, L., Liu, S."Efficacy and safety of vascular intervention combined with intravenous thrombolysis in treatment of acute intracranial arterial occlusion". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 3 (2020): 2903-2908. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9027