Exogenous BMP9 promotes lung fibroblast HFL-1 cell activation via ALK1/Smad1/5 signaling in vitro
- Yaqun Wang
- Xiaonan Sima
- Ying Ying
- Yonghong Huang
Affiliations: Department of Pathophysiology, Basic Medical College, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China, Nanchang Joint Program, Queen Mary School, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330031, P.R. China
- Published online on: May 4, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10160
Copyright: © Wang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
terms of Creative
Commons Attribution License.
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) has recently been described as a crucial regulator in modulating fibroblast-type cell activation. Activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) is a high affinity receptor for BMP9 that exerts its role via Smad1/5. However, the functional roles of BMP9 in activating lung fibroblasts and the underlying signaling pathway are not completely understood. The present study aimed to explore the effect of exogenous BMP9 on human lung fibroblast HFL-1 cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as the potential role of the ALK1/Smad1/5 signaling pathway. In the present study, fibroblast proliferation was assessed using Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony formation assays, and the mRNA and protein expression of target genes was examined using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blot assays, respectively. Compared with the control group, BMP9 treatment increased HFL-1 cell proliferation, mRNA and protein expression of differentiated markers, including α-smooth muscle actin, type I collagen and type III collagen, and the expression of ALK1 and phosphorylated Smad1/5 expression. Furthermore, the effects of BMP9 were partially rescued by dorsomorphin-1, an inhibitor of ALK1. The results indicated that BMP9 may serve as a key inducer of lung fibroblast activation and ALK1/Smad1/5 signaling might be associated with BMP9-mediated effects in HFL-1 cells. Therefore, the present study highlighted that the potential role of the BMP9/ALK1/Smad1/5 signaling pathway in the development of pulmonary fibrosis requires further investigation.