Open Access

miR‑769‑5p is associated with prostate cancer recurrence and modulates proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • Daniel Lee
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 8, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9766
  • Article Number: 335
  • Copyright: © Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRs) are relevant in biological processes, including human prostate cancer. In the present study, the role of miR‑769‑5p and its targets in prostate cancer were explored. Publicly available data on expression of genes, miRs and disease‑free survival of patients with prostate cancer were analyzed along with RNAseq of transfected cell lines. miR‑769‑5p expression was inversely associated with patient survival and in vitro assays indicated that its inhibition reduced the proliferation and increased apoptosis of prostate cancer cells. miR‑769‑5p was revealed to target Rho GTPase activating protein 10 (ARHGAP10) and increased expression of ARHGAP10 in tumors was determined to be associated with a favorable prognosis regarding disease‑free survival. Of note, ARHGAP10 is a purported tumor suppressor in ovarian cancer, where it inhibits cell division cycle 42 (CDC42) activity and increases apoptosis. Similar effects were observed in prostate cancer cells, where miR‑769‑5p inhibition increased ARHGAP10 and led to reduced CDC42 activity. Furthermore, miR‑769‑5p inhibition increased apoptosis, which was partly reversed by additional knockdown of ARHGAP10. These results suggested that miR‑769‑5p is an oncogene targeting ARHGAP10, which in turn is a candidate tumor suppressor in prostate cancer.
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April-2021
Volume 21 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Lee D: miR‑769‑5p is associated with prostate cancer recurrence and modulates proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells. Exp Ther Med 21: 335, 2021
APA
Lee, D. (2021). miR‑769‑5p is associated with prostate cancer recurrence and modulates proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 21, 335. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9766
MLA
Lee, D."miR‑769‑5p is associated with prostate cancer recurrence and modulates proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 21.4 (2021): 335.
Chicago
Lee, D."miR‑769‑5p is associated with prostate cancer recurrence and modulates proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 21, no. 4 (2021): 335. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9766