Lenalidomide improves H2O2‑induced PC12 cell injury by blocking the Notch signaling pathway
- Zheng Lv
- Shao Yin
- Ziguan Cheng
- Kekai Wang
Affiliations: Department of Orthopedics, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan 610032, P.R. China, Anorectal Department, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan 610032, P.R. China
- Published online on: April 29, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2022.11348
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Lenalidomide (LEN) has been reported to exert antitumor, anti‑inflammatory, anti‑angiogenic and immunomodulatory activities. However, the effects of LEN in spinal cord injury (SCI) are yet to be fully elucidated. The present study was conducted to identify whether LEN has a healing effect on SCI and to determine the underlying mechanism of action. The viability of H2O2‑stimulated PC12 cells was detected using a Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay. The viability of PC12 cells treated with LEN was examined with an MTT assay. The level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was measured using an LDH assay kit, while the levels of the oxidative stress‑related factors malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase in PC12 cells were determined using commercial kits. Oxidative stress‑related proteins were examined via western blotting. PC12 cell apoptosis was observed using a TUNEL assay, while apoptosis markers and Notch signaling‑related proteins were examined via western blotting. The results of the present study demonstrated that H2O2 decreased PC12 cell viability in a dose‑dependent manner. However, treatment with LEN significantly improved the viability of H2O2‑stimulated PC12 cells and alleviated H2O2‑induced cytotoxic injury. Additionally, LEN treatment inhibited the oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by H2O2 in PC12 cells. Notch signaling‑related protein expression was downregulated after LEN treatment in H2O2‑stimulated PC12 cells. In addition, a Notch agonist reversed the effects of LEN on H2O2‑induced oxidative stress and PC12 cell apoptosis. In summary, it was demonstrated that LEN alleviated the H2O2‑induced injury of PC12 cells by blocking the Notch signaling pathway, suggesting the value of applying LEN to the treatment of SCI.