Multidisciplinary collaboration for the successful treatment of a giant hepatic solitary fibrous tumor protruding into the thorax: A case report
- Jiajun Lin
- Shenfeng Huang
- Jinfei Wang
- Zhifang Cai
Affiliations: Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563000, P.R. China
- Published online on: May 20, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2022.11388
Copyright: © Lin
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Commons Attribution License.
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Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are composed of spindle cells and collagen fibers, and these form rare mesenchymal tumors. SFTs are most frequently observed in intrathoracic sites; however, they may also occur in extrathoracic sites, such as the liver. Unlike the hepatic SFTs (HSFTs) reported in the literature, the SFT detailed in the present case report was a large tumor that originated from the liver, with a dumbbell‑shaped growth through the diaphragm into the right thoracic cavity. This posed substantial challenges in both diagnosis and treatment. Thus, the present report outlines the findings of a multidisciplinary team meeting that was used to discuss and develop an optimal and personalized treatment strategy for the patient. Transhepatic arterial embolization was performed to block the major arterial blood supply to the tumor in order to reduce its size. Subsequently, the tumor was fully resected, following the collaboration of the experienced hepatobiliary and thoracic surgeons. Following surgery, the abdominal distension experienced by the patient ceased, and no tumor recurrence was detected at the 1‑year follow‑up. In conclusion, due to limited previous reports of HSFT treatment using multidisciplinary collaboration, the present study outlined the treatment used for this specific tumor type, and the corresponding literature was reviewed.