Genetic association between the PTPN22, IRF5 and TYK2 gene variants and susceptibility to juvenile idiopathic arthritis
- Yufeng Qian
- Bingqian Chen
- Zhengfei Wang
- Yuqin Peng
Affiliations: Department of Orthopedics, Changshu Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, First People's Hospital of Changshu City, Changshu, Jiangsu 215500, P.R. China, Department of Orthopedics, Changshu Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, First People's Hospital of Changshu City, Changshu, Jiangsu 215500, P.R. China
- Published online on: November 9, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2022.11692
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Abstract. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) refers to a group of chronic childhood arthropathies of unknown etiology. In the present study, the genetic association between the variants in PTPN22, IRF5 and TYK2 genes and susceptibility to JIA was investigated. The distributions of 16 variants in PTPN22, IRF5 and TYK2 genes were analyzed by direct sequencing in 378 patients with JIA and 378 healthy controls. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were used to evaluate the association between the gene variants and JIA. The gene‑gene interactions were investigated using multifactor dimensionality reduction. All allelic and dominant models of PTPN22 rs1214414, rs1214418, rs1746853, rs3765598 and rs3811021 were significantly associated with JIA risk (P<0.05). IRF5 rs10954213 in both allelic and dominant models, as well as the allelic model of rs2004640, was significantly related to JIA risk (P<0.05). In addition, the allelic, recessive and dominant models of TYK2 rs280500, rs280519, rs2304256 and rs12720270 were significantly related to JIA risk (P<0.05). In addition, three haplotypes (HC A G T C C, HC A G T T C and HC G T T C T ) in PTPN22 gene, three haplotypes (HD T A A, HI T A C and HD T G C) in IRF5 gene and two haplotypes (HA G G A T and HG A G G T) in TYK2 gene were associated with the risk of JIA (P<0.05). Furthermore, a three‑way interaction between IRF5 rs10954213, rs2004640 and PTPN22 rs1214414 was shown to be associated with JIA risk. In conclusion, PTPN22 rs1214418, rs1746853, rs3765598, IRF5 rs2004640, TYK2 rs280500, rs2304256 and a three‑way interaction between IRF5 rs10954213, rs2004640 and PTPN22 rs1214414 may be risk factors for JIA.