Open Access

Protective effects of lupeol in rats with renal ischemia‑reperfusion injury

  • Authors:
    • Alparslan Kapisiz
    • Cem Kaya
    • Sibel Eryilmaz
    • Ramazan Karabulut
    • Zafer Turkyilmaz
    • Mehmet Arda Inan
    • Ozlem Gulbahar
    • Kaan Sonmez
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 7, 2024     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2024.12602
  • Article Number: 313
  • Copyright: © Kapisiz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by ischemia and, exogenous or endogenous nephrotoxic agents poses a serious health issue. AKI is seen in 1% of all hospital admissions, 2‑5% of hospitalizations and 67% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The in‑hospital mortality rates for AKI is 40‑50, and >50% for ICU patients. Ischemia‑reperfusion (I/R) injury in the kidney can activate inflammatory responses and oxidative stress, resulting in AKI. The common endpoint in acute tubular necrosis is a cellular insult secondary to ischemia or direct toxins, which results in effacement of brush border, cell death and decreased function of tubular cells. The aim of the present study was to assess if the reported antioxidant and anti‑inflammatory agent lupeol can exert any effects against renal I/R damage. In total, 24 Wistar Albino rats were randomly assigned into four groups of 6, namely Sham, lupeol, ischemia and therapy groups. In the lupeol group, intraperitoneal administration of 100 mg/kg lupeol was given 1 h before laparotomy, whilst only laparotomy was conducted in the sham group. The renal arteries of both kidneys were clamped for 45 min, 1 h after either intraperitoneal saline injection (in the ischemia group) or 100 mg/kg lupeol application (in the therapy group). The blood samples and renal tissues of all rats were collected after 24 h. In blood samples, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was measured by the urease enzymatic method, and creatinine was measured by the kinetic Jaffe method. Using ELISA method, TNF‑α and IL‑6 levels were measured in the blood samples, whereas malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), caspase‑3 levels were measured in kidney tissues. In addition, kidney histopathological analysis was performed by evaluating the degree of degeneration, tubular dilatation, interstitial lymphocyte infiltration, protein cylinders, necrosis and loss of brush borders. It was determined that renal damage occurred due to higher BUN, creatinine, MDA, TNF‑α and caspase‑3 values observed in the kidney tissues and blood samples of rats in ischemia group compared with the Sham group. Compared with those in the ischemia group, rats in the therapy group exhibited increased levels of GSH and reduced levels of BUN, TNF‑α, MDA. Furthermore, the ischemia group also had reduced histopathological damage scores. Although differences in creatinine, IL‑6 and caspase‑3 levels were not statistically significant, they were markedly reduced in the treatment group. Taken together, these findings suggest that lupeol can prevent kidney damage as mainly evidenced by the reduced histopathological damage scores, decreased levels of oxidative stress and reduced levels of inflammatory markers. These properties may allow lupeol to be used in the treatment of AKI.

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Spandidos Publications style
Kapisiz A, Kaya C, Eryilmaz S, Karabulut R, Turkyilmaz Z, Inan MA, Gulbahar O and Sonmez K: Protective effects of lupeol in rats with renal ischemia‑reperfusion injury. Exp Ther Med 28: 313, 2024
APA
Kapisiz, A., Kaya, C., Eryilmaz, S., Karabulut, R., Turkyilmaz, Z., Inan, M.A. ... Sonmez, K. (2024). Protective effects of lupeol in rats with renal ischemia‑reperfusion injury. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 28, 313. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2024.12602
MLA
Kapisiz, A., Kaya, C., Eryilmaz, S., Karabulut, R., Turkyilmaz, Z., Inan, M. A., Gulbahar, O., Sonmez, K."Protective effects of lupeol in rats with renal ischemia‑reperfusion injury". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 28.2 (2024): 313.
Chicago
Kapisiz, A., Kaya, C., Eryilmaz, S., Karabulut, R., Turkyilmaz, Z., Inan, M. A., Gulbahar, O., Sonmez, K."Protective effects of lupeol in rats with renal ischemia‑reperfusion injury". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 28, no. 2 (2024): 313. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2024.12602