Transcriptional regulation of HIV-1 host factor COMMD1 by the Sp family

  • Authors:
    • Eriko Kudo
    • Manabu Taura
    • Mary Ann Suico
    • Hiroki Goto
    • Hirofumi Kai
    • Seiji Okada
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 15, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3386
  • Pages: 2366-2374
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Abstract

Copper metabolism Murr1 domain containing 1 (COMMD1) has multiple functions in the regulation of protein stability at the plasma membrane and in the cytoplasm. However, the regulation of COMMD1 transcriptional has remained to be elucidated. In the present study, the 5'‑flanking region (‑1,192/+83 bp) of the human COMMD1 gene was cloned. It was observed that the COMMD1 promoter region contains GC‑rich region that has 7 putative Sp1‑binding sites via in silico analysis. The proximal promoter region at ‑289/+83 bp was required for COMMD1 basal promoter activity by deletion constructs of COMMD1 promoter. Moreover, Sp1 inhibitor, mithramycin A, suppressed basal COMMD1 promoter activity. The Sp1‑binding site (‑11/‑1 bp) in the proximal promoter region was a critical site for COMMD1 gene regulation by Sp1 and Sp3. Sp1 upregulated COMMD1 promoter activity, whereas Sp3 suppressed it. Endogenous Sp1 and Sp3 bound to the proximal promoter region of COMMD1. Taken together, Sp1 constitutively regulates the basal expression of the COMMD1 gene in human epithelial cell lines.

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April 2018
Volume 41 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Kudo, E., Taura, M., Suico, M.A., Goto, H., Kai, H., & Okada, S. (2018). Transcriptional regulation of HIV-1 host factor COMMD1 by the Sp family. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 41, 2366-2374. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3386
MLA
Kudo, E., Taura, M., Suico, M. A., Goto, H., Kai, H., Okada, S."Transcriptional regulation of HIV-1 host factor COMMD1 by the Sp family". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41.4 (2018): 2366-2374.
Chicago
Kudo, E., Taura, M., Suico, M. A., Goto, H., Kai, H., Okada, S."Transcriptional regulation of HIV-1 host factor COMMD1 by the Sp family". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41, no. 4 (2018): 2366-2374. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3386