LncRNA uc.48+ is involved in the diabetic immune and inflammatory responses mediated by P2X7 receptor in RAW264.7 macrophages

  • Authors:
    • Hong Wu
    • Fang Wen
    • Mei Jiang
    • Qiang Liu
    • Yijun Nie
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 9, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3661
  • Pages: 1152-1160
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Abstract

High glucose combined with high FFAs can contribute to the unfavorable development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and monocytes/macrophages are important in the occurrence and development of T2DM, which is regarded as a type of low‑grade inflammation. Although our previous study demonstrated that increased expression of P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) in peripheral blood monocytes may alter the innate immune system and that long non‑coding (lnc)RNA uc.48+ was involved in diabetic neuropathic pain, the involvement of uc.48+ mediated by the P2X7R in monocyte/macrophages during T2DM has not been reported. In the present study, the effectsof uc.48+ small interference RNA (siRNA) on factors, including the mRNA and protein expression of P2X7R, apoptosis and proliferation, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), cytokine levels, and expression of phosphorylated (p‑) extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK)1/2, were examined in RAW264.7 macrophages following exposure to high glucose and high plasma free fatty acids (FFAs). After RAW264.7 cells were transfected with uc.48+ siRNA under high glucose conditions and FFAs treatment, the mRNA expression levels of uc.48+ and P2X7 receptor were detected by reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction. The protein mass of P2X7 receptor and ERK signaling pathway were assessed by western blotting. ROS and calcium concentrations, and culture supernatant cytokine content [tumor necrosis factor‑α, interleukin (IL)‑10, IL‑1β] were detected by fluorescent probes and ELISA respectively. Cell viability and apoptosis were determined by MTS test and flow cytometry, respectively. It was found that treatment of RAW264.7 cells with high glucose and FFAs, which exhibited increased expression of uc.48+, evoked P2X7R‑mediated immune and inflammatory responses through several means, including cytokine secretion, ROS formation, and activation of the ERK signaling pathway. The uc.48+ siRNA regulated these factors and thus influenced the course and outcome of the immune and inflammatory responses mediated by P2X7R.

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August 2018
Volume 42 Issue 2

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Wu, H., Wen, F., Jiang, M., Liu, Q., & Nie, Y. (2018). LncRNA uc.48+ is involved in the diabetic immune and inflammatory responses mediated by P2X7 receptor in RAW264.7 macrophages. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 42, 1152-1160. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3661
MLA
Wu, H., Wen, F., Jiang, M., Liu, Q., Nie, Y."LncRNA uc.48+ is involved in the diabetic immune and inflammatory responses mediated by P2X7 receptor in RAW264.7 macrophages". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 42.2 (2018): 1152-1160.
Chicago
Wu, H., Wen, F., Jiang, M., Liu, Q., Nie, Y."LncRNA uc.48+ is involved in the diabetic immune and inflammatory responses mediated by P2X7 receptor in RAW264.7 macrophages". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 42, no. 2 (2018): 1152-1160. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3661