Cardioprotective effects of rat adipose‑derived stem cells differ under normoxic/physioxic conditions and are associated with paracrine factor secretion

  • Authors:
    • Yuanyuan Lin
    • Xuewen Li
    • Chunhui Fan
    • Fan Yang
    • Dajie Hao
    • Wenjia Ge
    • Yuping Gao
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 3, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4524
  • Pages: 1591-1600
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Abstract

Adipose tissue‑derived stem cells (ASCs) are beneficial for myocardial regeneration. The physiological oxygen content of human organs is estimated to range between 1 and 11%. However, in the majority of previous in vitro studies with cultured ASCs, the O2 concentration was artificially set to 21%. The present study aimed to compare the protective effects of rat ASCs on neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) under normoxic (21% O2) and physioxic (5% O2) conditions. Rat NRVMs cultured under normoxia or physioxia were treated with H2O2 or left untreated, and further co‑cultured with ASCs in 21% or 5% O2. The apoptosis of NRVMs was evaluated by Annexin V staining and quantitating the protein levels of Bcl‑2 and Bax by western blotting. The oxidative stress of NRVMs was determined by a glutathione/oxidized glutathione assay kit. The concentrations of secreted vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF), insulin like growth factor‑1 (IGF‑1) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in the culture medium were quantified by enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assay. Under both normoxia and physioxia, co‑culture with ASCs protected H2O2‑exposed NRVMs from apoptosis and significantly alleviated the oxidative stress in NRVMs. The protective effects of ASCs were associated with increased secretion of VEGF, IGF‑1 and bFGF. ASCs cultured in 5% O2 exhibited certain cardioprotective effects against H2O2 stress. The results of the present study suggested that O2 concentrations influenced the cardioprotective effects of ASCs. VEGF, IGF‑1 and bFGF may serve a role in the myocardial regeneration mediated by transplanted ASCs.

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May 2020
Volume 45 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Lin, Y., Li, X., Fan, C., Yang, F., Hao, D., Ge, W., & Gao, Y. (2020). Cardioprotective effects of rat adipose‑derived stem cells differ under normoxic/physioxic conditions and are associated with paracrine factor secretion. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 45, 1591-1600. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4524
MLA
Lin, Y., Li, X., Fan, C., Yang, F., Hao, D., Ge, W., Gao, Y."Cardioprotective effects of rat adipose‑derived stem cells differ under normoxic/physioxic conditions and are associated with paracrine factor secretion". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 45.5 (2020): 1591-1600.
Chicago
Lin, Y., Li, X., Fan, C., Yang, F., Hao, D., Ge, W., Gao, Y."Cardioprotective effects of rat adipose‑derived stem cells differ under normoxic/physioxic conditions and are associated with paracrine factor secretion". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 45, no. 5 (2020): 1591-1600. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4524