Transcriptome‑based drug repositioning identifies TPCA‑1 as a potential selective inhibitor of esophagus squamous carcinoma cell viability
- Zongyang Li
- Linjun Zou
- Zhi-Xiong Xiao
- Jian Yang
Affiliations: Center of Growth, Metabolism and Aging, Key Laboratory of Bio‑Resources and Eco‑Environment, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, P.R. China
- Published online on: April 8, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2022.5131
Copyright: © Li
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
terms of Creative
Commons Attribution License [CC BY_NC 4.0].
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a cancer type with limited treatment options. The present study aimed to screen for small molecules that may inhibit ESCC cell viability. The small‑molecule‑perturbed signatures were extrapolated from the library of integrated network‑based cellular signatures (LINCS) database. Since LINCS does not include small‑molecule‑perturbed signatures of ESCC cells, it was hypothesized that non‑ESCC cell lines that display transcriptome profiles similar to those of ESCC may have similar small‑molecule‑perturbated responses to ESCC cells and that identifying small molecules that inhibit the viability of these non‑ESCC cells may also inhibit the viability of ESCC cells. The transcriptomes of >1,000 cancer cell lines from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia database were analyzed and 70 non‑ESCC cell lines exhibiting similar transcriptome profiles to those of ESCC cells were identified. Among them, six cell lines with transcriptome signatures upon drug perturbation were available in the LINCS, which were used as reference signatures. A total of 20 ESCC datasets were analyzed and 522 downregulated and 461 upregulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that were consistently altered across >50% of the datasets were identified. These DEGs together with the reference signatures were then used as inputs of the ZhangScore method to score small molecules that may reverse transcriptome alterations of ESCC. Among the top‑ranked 50 molecules identified by the ZhangScore, four candidates that may inhibit ESCC cell viability were experimentally verified. Furthermore, 2‑[(aminocarbonyl)amino]‑5‑(4‑fluorophenyl)‑3‑thiophenecarboxamide (TPCA‑1), an inhibitor of the NF‑κB pathway, was able to preferentially inhibit the viability of ESCC cells compared with non‑tumorigenic epithelial Het‑1A cells. Mechanistically, TPCA‑1 induced ESCC KYSE‑450 cell apoptosis by inhibiting the phosphorylation of inhibitor of NF‑κB kinase subunit β, leading to IκBα stabilization and NF‑κB signaling pathway inhibition. Collectively, these results demonstrated that LINCS‑based drug repositioning may facilitate drug discovery and that TPCA‑1 may be a promising candidate molecule in the treatment of ESCC.