Intraperitoneal co-administration of thymosin α-1 ameliorates streptozotocin-induced pancreatic lesions and diabetes in C57BL/6 mice

  • Authors:
    • Longxin Qiu
    • Cuilin Zhang
    • Jun Zhang
    • Jiaxin Liang
    • Jun Liu
    • Cishu Ji
    • James Y. Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 1, 2009     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000169
  • Pages: 597-602
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Abstract

We investigated the effects of the in vivo administration of thymosin α-1 (Tα-1) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced pancreatic lesions and diabetes. Mice were randomly divided into four experimental groups: normoglycemic control, STZ-treated, STZ plus 0.1 µg/kg body weight/day Tα-1-treated, and STZ plus 1 µg/kg/day Tα-1-treated. Blood glucose was assayed periodically, and serum insulin was determined at the end of the experiment using the ELISA Kit. Aldehyde fuchsin staining was used for histopathological examination of the pancreas. Parameters for oxidative stress were measured with pancreatic malondialdehyde (MDA) level, glutathione (GSH) content and enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase. Fourteen days after the initiation of Tα-1 treatment and up to day 35 when the treatment was stopped, both of the two STZ and Tα-1-co-treated mouse groups had significant lower levels of blood glucose than the STZ-treated but Tα-1-untreated mice, although both remained higher than that of the normoglycemic controls. At the end of the Tα-1 treatment, the serum insulin level for STZ-treated mice receiving 1 µg/kg/day Tα-1 for 35 days was 2-fold (P<0.001) as much as that of the Tα-1-untreated STZ-diabetic mice, although not completely restored to the normal level. Pancreatic aldehyde fuchsin staining showed that STZ treatment caused significant pancreatitis, islet atrophy, and a significant reduction in the number of pancreatic β cells. These histological lesions, however, were significantly alleviated by 1 µg/kg/day Tα-1 treatment for 35 days. Furthermore, compared with the Tα-1- untreated STZ-diabetic mice, the pancreatic GSH level of the 1 µg/kg/day Tα-1-treated STZ-induced mice was 1.92-fold that of the untreated STZ-induced mice (P<0.01), whereas the pancreatic MDA level was only 81.9% that of the untreated STZ-diabetic mice (P<0.05). Together these results demonstrate that co-administration of Tα-1 leads to significant protection against STZ-induced pancreatic damage and diabetes, and part of the protection might be achieved through enhancing pancreatic antioxidative capability.

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May 2009
Volume 23 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Qiu, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, J., Liang, J., Liu, J., Ji, C., & Yang, J.Y. (2009). Intraperitoneal co-administration of thymosin α-1 ameliorates streptozotocin-induced pancreatic lesions and diabetes in C57BL/6 mice. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 23, 597-602. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000169
MLA
Qiu, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, J., Liang, J., Liu, J., Ji, C., Yang, J. Y."Intraperitoneal co-administration of thymosin α-1 ameliorates streptozotocin-induced pancreatic lesions and diabetes in C57BL/6 mice". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 23.5 (2009): 597-602.
Chicago
Qiu, L., Zhang, C., Zhang, J., Liang, J., Liu, J., Ji, C., Yang, J. Y."Intraperitoneal co-administration of thymosin α-1 ameliorates streptozotocin-induced pancreatic lesions and diabetes in C57BL/6 mice". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 23, no. 5 (2009): 597-602. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000169