An apolar extract of Critonia morifolia inhibits c-Myc, cyclin D1, Cdc25A, Cdc25B, Cdc25C and Akt and induces apoptosis

  • Authors:
    • Christine Unger
    • Ruxandra Popescu
    • Benedikt Giessrigl
    • Lucie Rarova
    • Irene Herbacek
    • Mareike Seelinger
    • Rene Diaz
    • Bruno Wallnöfer
    • Monika Fritzer-Szekeres
    • Thomas Szekeres
    • Richard Frisch
    • Karel Doležal
    • Miroslav Strnad
    • Rainer De Martin
    • Michael Grusch
    • Brigitte Kopp
    • Georg Krupitza
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 23, 2012     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2012.1412
  • Pages:2131-2139
0

Abstract

Investigating the bioactivity of traditional medical remedies under the controlled conditions of a laboratory is an option to find additional applications, novel formulations or lead structures for the development of new drugs. The present work analysed the anti‑neoplastic activity of increasing polar extracts of the rainforest plant Critonia morifolia (Asteraceae) that has been successfully used as traditional remedy to treat various inflammatory conditions in the long-lasting medical tradition of the Central American Maya, which was here also confirmed in vitro. The apolar petroleum ether extract exhibited the most potent anti‑proliferative and pro‑apoptotic effects in HL‑60 cells and triggered down-regulation of Cdc25C and cyclin D1 within 30 min followed by the inhibition of c-Myc expression and the onset of caspase-3 activation within 2 h. Subsequent to these very rapid molecular responses Chk2 and H2AX became phosphorylated (γ‑H2AX) after 4 h. Analysis of the cell cycle distribution showed an accumulation of cells in the G2-M phase within 8 h and after 24 h in S-phase. This was temporally paralleled by the down-regulation of Cdc25A, Cdc25B, Wee1 and Akt. Therefore, the attenuation of cell cycle progression in the G2-M phase was consistent with the known role of Chk2 for G2-M arrest and with the role of Cdc25B in S-phase progression. These findings suggest the presence of two distinct active principles in the petroleum ether extract of C. moriflia. These facilitated the strong apoptotic response evidenced by the rapid activation of caspase-3 that was later enforced by the inhibition of the survival kinase Akt. Importantly, the efficient down-regulation of Akt, which is successfully tested in current clinical trials, is a unique property of C. morifolia.

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June 2012
Volume 40 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Unger, C., Popescu, R., Giessrigl, B., Rarova, L., Herbacek, I., Seelinger, M. ... Krupitza, G. (2012). An apolar extract of Critonia morifolia inhibits c-Myc, cyclin D1, Cdc25A, Cdc25B, Cdc25C and Akt and induces apoptosis. International Journal of Oncology, 40, 2131-2139. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2012.1412
MLA
Unger, C., Popescu, R., Giessrigl, B., Rarova, L., Herbacek, I., Seelinger, M., Diaz, R., Wallnöfer, B., Fritzer-Szekeres, M., Szekeres, T., Frisch, R., Doležal, K., Strnad, M., De Martin, R., Grusch, M., Kopp, B., Krupitza, G."An apolar extract of Critonia morifolia inhibits c-Myc, cyclin D1, Cdc25A, Cdc25B, Cdc25C and Akt and induces apoptosis". International Journal of Oncology 40.6 (2012): 2131-2139.
Chicago
Unger, C., Popescu, R., Giessrigl, B., Rarova, L., Herbacek, I., Seelinger, M., Diaz, R., Wallnöfer, B., Fritzer-Szekeres, M., Szekeres, T., Frisch, R., Doležal, K., Strnad, M., De Martin, R., Grusch, M., Kopp, B., Krupitza, G."An apolar extract of Critonia morifolia inhibits c-Myc, cyclin D1, Cdc25A, Cdc25B, Cdc25C and Akt and induces apoptosis". International Journal of Oncology 40, no. 6 (2012): 2131-2139. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2012.1412