A novel gene expression scoring system for accurate diagnosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus

  • Authors:
    • Takeshi Tada
    • Reiko Honma
    • Jun-Ichi Imai
    • Zenichiro Saze
    • Michihiko Kogure
    • Shigeru Marubashi
    • Kazuhiro Tasaki
    • Masamitu Unakami
    • Junji Ezaki
    • Hirosumi Tamura
    • Akira Nishikawa
    • Yuko Hashimoto
    • Satoshi Waguri
    • Shinya Watanabe
    • Mitsukazu Gotoh
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 19, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.4075
  • Pages: 877-886
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Abstract

Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (BSCE) is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma that is difficult to distinguish from other carcinomas by preoperative endoscopic biopsy because of its histological varieties. Accurate diagnosis is essential for adequate treatment, and the methods proposed so far (e.g., immunohistochemical staining) have limitations. In this study, we tried to identify the characteristic bundles of gene expression in BSCE using comprehensive gene expression analysis (CGEA). Subsequently, we constructed a gene expression scoring system for the proper diagnosis of BSCE. Fifty-seven surgical specimens, including seven BSCEs, obtained from 30 patients who underwent esophagectomy were used for constructing the scoring system. Three hundred and twelve biopsy specimens, including eight BSCEs, obtained from 80 patients and 20 commercially available formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens diagnosed as esophageal cancer, including 13 BSCEs, were used for validation. After our original mathematical extraction algorithm, 75 genes were extracted to distinguish BSCE from non-BSCE. The cumulative converted values (gene expression score) of the respective 75 genes from each specimen were obtained and lined up in ascending order to assess the optimal gene expression cut-off score for a definitive diagnosis of BSCE. The validation of this scoring system showed high prediction of the biopsy specimens [area under the curve (AUC)=0.981; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.952‑1.000] and the commercially available FFPE specimens (AUC=0.901; 95% CI: 0.750-1.000). In conclusion, using CGEA in a gene expression scoring system helps in differentiating BSCE from non-BSCE with high accuracy and may contribute in improving BSCE treatment.
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September 2017
Volume 51 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Tada, T., Honma, R., Imai, J., Saze, Z., Kogure, M., Marubashi, S. ... Gotoh, M. (2017). A novel gene expression scoring system for accurate diagnosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. International Journal of Oncology, 51, 877-886. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.4075
MLA
Tada, T., Honma, R., Imai, J., Saze, Z., Kogure, M., Marubashi, S., Tasaki, K., Unakami, M., Ezaki, J., Tamura, H., Nishikawa, A., Hashimoto, Y., Waguri, S., Watanabe, S., Gotoh, M."A novel gene expression scoring system for accurate diagnosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus". International Journal of Oncology 51.3 (2017): 877-886.
Chicago
Tada, T., Honma, R., Imai, J., Saze, Z., Kogure, M., Marubashi, S., Tasaki, K., Unakami, M., Ezaki, J., Tamura, H., Nishikawa, A., Hashimoto, Y., Waguri, S., Watanabe, S., Gotoh, M."A novel gene expression scoring system for accurate diagnosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus". International Journal of Oncology 51, no. 3 (2017): 877-886. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.4075