miR‑574‑5p attenuates proliferation, migration and EMT in triple‑negative breast cancer cells by targeting BCL11A and SOX2 to inhibit the SKIL/TAZ/CTGF axis

  • Authors:
    • Ke‑Jing Zhang
    • Yu Hu
    • Na Luo
    • Xin Li
    • Fei‑Yu Chen
    • Jia‑Qi Yuan
    • Lei Guo
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 20, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.4995
  • Pages: 1240-1251
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Abstract

Triple‑negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of breast cancer with a high degree of malignancy. TNBC is prone to distant metastasis and has a poor prognosis. A number of TNBC‑related microRNAs (miRNAs) have been studied and identified. However, the detailed roles of miR‑574‑5p in TNBC remain poorly understood. miR‑574‑5p, SRY (sex determining region Y)‑box 2 (SOX2), B‑cell lymphoma/leukaemia 11A (BCL11A), SKI like proto‑oncogene (SKIL) and epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT)‑related miRNAs and proteins were measured by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and western blotting analysis, respectively. A luciferase reporter assay was employed to validate the direct targeting of SOX2 and BCL11A by miR‑574‑5p. MTT, colony formation and Transwell assays were performed to analyse the biological functions of miR‑574‑5p in TNBC cells. A nude mouse xenograft model was used to verify the effects of miR‑574‑5p on the tumorigenesis of TNBC in vivo. The results demonstrated that miR‑574‑5p levels were decreased in breast cancer tissues and cells. miR‑574‑5p repressed proliferation, migration and EMT in TNBC cells. Further experiments confirmed that miR‑574‑5p reduced tumour size and metastasis in vivo. miR‑574‑5p targeted BCL11A and SOX2 to inhibit the SKIL/transcriptional co‑activator with PDZ‑binding motif/connective tissue growth factor axis, and the inhibitory effect of miR‑574‑5p in TNBC cells was at least partly dependent on SOX2 and BCL11A. In addition, the regulation of downstream oncogenes by SOX2 was dependent on BCL11A. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report the association between the miR‑574‑5p/BCL11A/SOX2 axis and the tumorigenesis of TNBC, which provides a new mechanism for understanding the progression of TNBC.

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May 2020
Volume 56 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Zhang, K., Hu, Y., Luo, N., Li, X., Chen, F., Yuan, J., & Guo, L. (2020). miR‑574‑5p attenuates proliferation, migration and EMT in triple‑negative breast cancer cells by targeting BCL11A and SOX2 to inhibit the SKIL/TAZ/CTGF axis. International Journal of Oncology, 56, 1240-1251. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.4995
MLA
Zhang, K., Hu, Y., Luo, N., Li, X., Chen, F., Yuan, J., Guo, L."miR‑574‑5p attenuates proliferation, migration and EMT in triple‑negative breast cancer cells by targeting BCL11A and SOX2 to inhibit the SKIL/TAZ/CTGF axis". International Journal of Oncology 56.5 (2020): 1240-1251.
Chicago
Zhang, K., Hu, Y., Luo, N., Li, X., Chen, F., Yuan, J., Guo, L."miR‑574‑5p attenuates proliferation, migration and EMT in triple‑negative breast cancer cells by targeting BCL11A and SOX2 to inhibit the SKIL/TAZ/CTGF axis". International Journal of Oncology 56, no. 5 (2020): 1240-1251. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.4995