Development of immunotherapy for brain metastasis (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Ruilin Ding
    • Longxia Chen
    • Zhou Su
    • Tengqiong Xiong
    • Qinglian Wen
    • Qing Peng
    • Feng Jiang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 29, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.5091
Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

Brain metastasis (BM) is associated with a poor prognosis, with the typical overall survival rate ranging from weeks to months in the absence of treatment. Although the concept of immune privilege in the central nervous system has eroded over time, the advent of immunotherapy has opened a new set of potential therapeutic options for patients with BM. Recently, immunotherapy has been demonstrated to confer survival advantages to patients with multiple malignancies commonly associated with BMs. Data from a number of clinical trials have demonstrated that immune checkpoint inhibitors are effective for patients with BM. In addition, cellular therapies, including the application of chimeric antigen receptors T‑cell therapy and dendritic cell vaccine, have also been utilized in the treatment of BM. In the present review, preclinical and clinical evidence supporting the applicability of immunotherapy for the treatment of BMs from melanoma, non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were examined, where the challenges and safety of this treatment modality were also discussed.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
x
Spandidos Publications style
Ding R, Chen L, Su Z, Xiong T, Wen Q, Peng Q and Jiang F: Development of immunotherapy for brain metastasis (Review). Int J Oncol 0: 0-0, 1899
APA
Ding, R., Chen, L., Su, Z., Xiong, T., Wen, Q., Peng, Q., & Jiang, F. (1899). Development of immunotherapy for brain metastasis (Review). International Journal of Oncology, 0, 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.5091
MLA
Ding, R., Chen, L., Su, Z., Xiong, T., Wen, Q., Peng, Q., Jiang, F."Development of immunotherapy for brain metastasis (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Ding, R., Chen, L., Su, Z., Xiong, T., Wen, Q., Peng, Q., Jiang, F."Development of immunotherapy for brain metastasis (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.5091