Upregulation of the EGFR/MEK1/MAPK1/2 signaling axis as a mechanism of resistance to antiestrogen‑induced BimEL dependent apoptosis in ER+ breast cancer cells
Affiliations: Department of Cellular Biology and Anatomy, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA, Department of Pathology, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA, Medical College of Georgia Cancer Center, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Massey Cancer Center, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
- Published online on: December 16, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2022.5468
- Article Number: 20
Copyright: © Hagan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.