Corticosteroids alleviate adverse events associated with enzalutamide in patients with metastatic castration‑resistant prostate cancer

  • Authors:
    • Keita Tamura
    • Yuto Matsushita
    • Hiromitsu Watanabe
    • Daisuke Motoyama
    • Toshiki Ito
    • Takayuki Sugiyama
    • Atsushi Otsuka
    • Hideaki Miyake
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 5, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2013
  • Pages: 495-500
Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of the combined use of corticosteroid on adverse events (AEs) induced by enzalutamide (Enz) in patients with metastatic castration‑resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The cohort of the present study included 121 consecutive patients with mCRPC who sequentially received androgen receptor‑axis‑targeted (ARAT) agents, abiraterone acetate (AA) and Enz, in any order, without prior docetaxel therapy. Detailed assessments of AEs during treatment with Enz were conducted according to whether or not corticosteroid was administered. Of these patients, 63 and 58 received ARAT therapy with the Enz‑to‑AA sequence (group 1) and the AA‑to‑Enz sequence (group 2), respectively. No patient in group 1 received corticosteroid during treatment with Enz, while corticosteroid was continuously administered in combination with Enz to all patients in group 2 following AA failure. When ARAT therapy was initiated, no significant differences in the major baseline characteristics were observed between the two groups. During Enz therapy, there were no significant differences in the incidence of any AEs or AEs ≥ grade 3 between the two groups. However, the incidences of fatigue and appetite loss in group 1 were significantly higher when compared with those in group 2. Furthermore, the combined use of corticosteroid was revealed to be independently associated with the prevention of fatigue and appetite loss during Enz therapy. The results of the present study suggested that the combined use of corticosteroids could reduce the incidence of certain types of AE, particularly fatigue and appetite loss, in mCRPC patients treated with Enz.
View References

Related Articles

Journal Cover

May 2020
Volume 12 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
x
APA
Tamura, K., Matsushita, Y., Watanabe, H., Motoyama, D., Ito, T., Sugiyama, T. ... Miyake, H. (2020). Corticosteroids alleviate adverse events associated with enzalutamide in patients with metastatic castration‑resistant prostate cancer. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 12, 495-500. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2013
MLA
Tamura, K., Matsushita, Y., Watanabe, H., Motoyama, D., Ito, T., Sugiyama, T., Otsuka, A., Miyake, H."Corticosteroids alleviate adverse events associated with enzalutamide in patients with metastatic castration‑resistant prostate cancer". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 12.5 (2020): 495-500.
Chicago
Tamura, K., Matsushita, Y., Watanabe, H., Motoyama, D., Ito, T., Sugiyama, T., Otsuka, A., Miyake, H."Corticosteroids alleviate adverse events associated with enzalutamide in patients with metastatic castration‑resistant prostate cancer". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 12, no. 5 (2020): 495-500. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2013