Open Access

Severity of postgastrectomy syndrome and quality of life after advanced gastric cancer radical gastrectomy

  • Authors:
    • Shinichi Kinami
    • Naohiko Nakamura
    • Jiang Zhiyong
    • Takashi Miyata
    • Hideto Fujita
    • Hiroyuki Takamura
    • Nobuhiko Ueda
    • Yasuo Iida
    • Takeo Kosaka
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 3, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2061
  • Pages: 133-140
  • Copyright: © Kinami et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

It has previously been suggested that postgastrectomy syndrome (PGS) is more severe in patients after surgery for advanced gastric cancer than in patients with early gastric cancer. Using the postgastrectomy syndrome assessment scale‑45 (PGSAS‑45), the present study aimed to determine whether PGS for postgastrectomy patients, in Kanazawa Medical University Hospital, with advanced gastric cancer was more severe than for patients with early gastric cancer. A questionnaire survey was conducted using PGSAS‑45 for curative gastric cancer gastrectomy cases at Kanazawa Medical University Hospital. The questionnaire data were combined with patient background data, anonymized and moved to an unlinked file for patient privacy. Using this dataset, non‑recurrent cases of distal partial gastrectomy were extracted and divided into two groups, stage IA or IB patients (group E), and stage IIA or higher (group A). The main outcome measures (MOMs) of PGSAS‑45 were compared between the two groups. The participants in the present study included 35 cases in group E and 22 cases in group A. The results of a univariate analysis to compare the MOMs between the two groups showed that only the dumping subscale was significantly different in group A and was judged to be caused by the underlying bias of the background factor. There were no MOMs with significant differences in the pathological stage based on multiple regression analyses. In cases of distal partial gastrectomy, the PGS and quality of life (QoL) of patients following advanced gastric cancer surgery were similar to those of patients with early gastric cancer. The standardized treatment for advanced gastric cancer did not induce notable postoperative failures, and QoL was not impaired. In contrast, for early‑stage gastric cancer cases, the present study suggests that it is necessary to distinguish metastasis‑negative cases to indicate an appropriate, function‑preserving curative gastrectomy.

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August-2020
Volume 13 Issue 2

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APA
Kinami, S., Nakamura, N., Zhiyong, J., Miyata, T., Fujita, H., Takamura, H. ... Kosaka, T. (2020). Severity of postgastrectomy syndrome and quality of life after advanced gastric cancer radical gastrectomy. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 13, 133-140. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2061
MLA
Kinami, S., Nakamura, N., Zhiyong, J., Miyata, T., Fujita, H., Takamura, H., Ueda, N., Iida, Y., Kosaka, T."Severity of postgastrectomy syndrome and quality of life after advanced gastric cancer radical gastrectomy". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 13.2 (2020): 133-140.
Chicago
Kinami, S., Nakamura, N., Zhiyong, J., Miyata, T., Fujita, H., Takamura, H., Ueda, N., Iida, Y., Kosaka, T."Severity of postgastrectomy syndrome and quality of life after advanced gastric cancer radical gastrectomy". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 13, no. 2 (2020): 133-140. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2061