Open Access

Current findings on the antitumor effects of metformin on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Nobufumi Sekino
    • Masayuki Kano
    • Kentaro Murakami
    • Takeshi Toyozumi
    • Koichi Hayano
    • Gaku Ohira
    • Hisahiro Matsubara
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 28, 2024     https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2024.2756
  • Article Number: 58
  • Copyright: © Sekino et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is an intractable type of cancer that requires novel therapeutic modalities, since the therapeutic outcomes are often inadequate, even in response to multidisciplinary treatment. The antitumor effect of metformin, an antidiabetic drug, has been reported in esophageal cancer; however, its effects are diverse. Since various multidisciplinary therapies are used in ESCC, the antitumor effect of metformin is expected to be synergistic in some treatment strategies. The present review summarizes the antitumor effects of metformin and discusses its use in combination with existing therapies. The present study reviewed relevant studies where the molecular targets of metformin (AMPK and inflammatory system signals) were described, followed by the classification and organization of its antitumor effects, and subsequently summarized the current research on its antitumor effects, especially in ESCC. A number of studies have reported that metformin prevents the development of ESCC and exerts its antitumor effects through various pathways. In addition, metformin has been shown to inhibit tumor growth, induce apoptosis, inhibit cancer cell invasion, migration and angiogenesis into the tumor, and decrease tumor malignancy, such as metastasis. Furthermore, it may modulate host tumor immunity in a tumor‑suppressive manner and is expected to improve prognosis following treatment for ESCC. Notably, metformin may be beneficial in combination with chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, and radiation. By contrast, it has been shown to potentially induce resistance to 5‑fluorouracil. Finally, the effects of metformin in combination with other therapies are discussed in the present study, and perspectives on the potential benefits of metformin for future ESCC treatment are presented. In conclusion, the present review may be useful in improving the understanding of the wide range of antitumor effects of metformin. Although some concerning points remain, using metformin in ESCC treatment could be promising. Notably, more knowledge needs to be accumulated regarding the effects of metformin on ESCC.
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August-2024
Volume 21 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 2049-9450
Online ISSN:2049-9469

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Spandidos Publications style
Sekino N, Kano M, Murakami K, Toyozumi T, Hayano K, Ohira G and Matsubara H: Current findings on the antitumor effects of metformin on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (Review). Mol Clin Oncol 21: 58, 2024
APA
Sekino, N., Kano, M., Murakami, K., Toyozumi, T., Hayano, K., Ohira, G., & Matsubara, H. (2024). Current findings on the antitumor effects of metformin on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (Review). Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 21, 58. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2024.2756
MLA
Sekino, N., Kano, M., Murakami, K., Toyozumi, T., Hayano, K., Ohira, G., Matsubara, H."Current findings on the antitumor effects of metformin on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (Review)". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 21.2 (2024): 58.
Chicago
Sekino, N., Kano, M., Murakami, K., Toyozumi, T., Hayano, K., Ohira, G., Matsubara, H."Current findings on the antitumor effects of metformin on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (Review)". Molecular and Clinical Oncology 21, no. 2 (2024): 58. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2024.2756