Open Access

Colorectal cancer demographics in Barbados

  • Authors:
    • Sahle Griffith
    • Greg Padmore
    • Emil Phillips
    • Solange S.K. Ramkissoon
    • Sierra  Moore
    • Keisha Walkes
    • Abdelaziz A. Gohar
    • Shamir O. Cawich
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 28, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2021.2
  • Article Number: 2
  • Copyright: © Griffith et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Barbados is an island in the Eastern Caribbean that is reported to have the 8th highest incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) worldwide. However, these figures are based only on estimates, and there is little available epidemiological data collected from Barbadians with CRC. The present study sought to collect epidemiologic data from patients in Barbados diagnosed with CRC. This information is considered important to shape national public health policies. For this purpose, hospital admission registers at all tertiary care facilities in Barbados were retrospectively audited over a four‑year period from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018 to identify patients who underwent operative treatment for CRC. The following data were extracted: Age, sex, ethnicity, the location of the primary tumour and tumour stage. Descriptive statistical analyses were generated using SPSS version 21.0. The results revealed that there were 97 patients with CRC at a mean age of 64.9 years (SD ±12.2) and a male preponderance (1.3:1). The majority (93.8%) were from the African diaspora. Only 18.5% of diagnoses were made at (opportunistic) screening. Consequently, two thirds of the patients had advanced‑stage disease at diagnosis. The disease staging of the patients was as follows: Stage 0 (1%), stage I (10.3%), stage II (23.7%), stage III (38.1%) and stage IV (26.8%). Right‑sided primary tumours were most common (44.3%), followed by left‑sided (41.2%) and rectal lesions (14.4%). Women were significantly more likely to have right‑sided lesions (55 vs. 45%) and males were more likely to have rectal lesions (77 vs. 23%). On the whole, the present study highlights the need to implement a national screening programme in this high‑risk population of African origin with a predominantly right‑sided distribution of CRC primary tumours. This is reinforced by the fact that 10% of patients will be diagnosed before the age of 50 years with more aggressive disease.

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Spandidos Publications style
Griffith S, Padmore G, Phillips E, Ramkissoon SS, Moore S, Walkes K, Gohar AA and Cawich SO: Colorectal cancer demographics in Barbados. Med Int 1: 2, 2021
APA
Griffith, S., Padmore, G., Phillips, E., Ramkissoon, S.S., Moore, S., Walkes, K. ... Cawich, S.O. (2021). Colorectal cancer demographics in Barbados. Medicine International, 1, 2. https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2021.2
MLA
Griffith, S., Padmore, G., Phillips, E., Ramkissoon, S. S., Moore, S., Walkes, K., Gohar, A. A., Cawich, S. O."Colorectal cancer demographics in Barbados". Medicine International 1.1 (2021): 2.
Chicago
Griffith, S., Padmore, G., Phillips, E., Ramkissoon, S. S., Moore, S., Walkes, K., Gohar, A. A., Cawich, S. O."Colorectal cancer demographics in Barbados". Medicine International 1, no. 1 (2021): 2. https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2021.2