Open Access

Recommendations for reducing exposure to medical X‑ray irradiation (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Hai-Min Shi
    • Zhi-Chao Sun
    • Fang-He Ju
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 12, 2022     https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2022.47
  • Article Number: 22
  • Copyright: © Shi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

With the increasing frequency of X‑ray examinations in clinical medicine, public concern regarding the harm caused by exposure to X‑ray radiation is also increasing. However, some physicians are not completely aware of the dangers of exposure to X‑ray irradiation. Individuals specialized in this field, including physicians, have a better understanding of these dangers, which limits the use of X‑rays in medicine. The present study aimed to address strategies for reducing the harm caused by exposure to medical X‑rays and increase public awareness regarding X‑ray radiation. Through a literature search and review, combined with the current status of clinical X‑ray examination and the authors' professional experience, the present study highlights the importance of reducing X‑ray exposure, and proposes several specific recommendations and measures for reducing the frequency or dose of X‑ray irradiation. On the whole, the finding discussed in the present review suggest the minimal use of medical X‑ray examinations and that alternative tests should be selected whenever possible. When medical X‑ray screening and treatments are necessary, the risk‑benefit ratio should be assessed, possibly aiming to achieve avoidable exposure. Further attention should be paid to protect sensitive glands and reduce the risks in children.
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Spandidos Publications style
Shi H, Sun Z and Ju F: Recommendations for reducing exposure to medical X‑ray irradiation (Review). Med Int 2: 22, 2022
APA
Shi, H., Sun, Z., & Ju, F. (2022). Recommendations for reducing exposure to medical X‑ray irradiation (Review). Medicine International, 2, 22. https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2022.47
MLA
Shi, H., Sun, Z., Ju, F."Recommendations for reducing exposure to medical X‑ray irradiation (Review)". Medicine International 2.4 (2022): 22.
Chicago
Shi, H., Sun, Z., Ju, F."Recommendations for reducing exposure to medical X‑ray irradiation (Review)". Medicine International 2, no. 4 (2022): 22. https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2022.47