Efficacy of increasing levels of exposure therapy in the treatment of maladaptive behaviors and anxiety
Affiliations: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Sakarya University, Serdivan, Sakarya 54187, Turkey
- Published online on: October 3, 2023 https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2023.115
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The present study examined the effectiveness of increasing levels of exposure therapy, which is applied for the treatment of maladaptive behaviors and anxiety. A total of 16 sessions were applied to the study group in the experimental group three times a week for 10 weeks. Patients aged ≥18 years whom the referring clinician evaluated as meeting the criteria for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM‑V‑TR) Generalized Anxiety Disorder were included in the study. For the control group, demographic characteristics and Spielberger's State‑Trait Anxiety Inventory were applied in the first session, followed by Spielberger's State‑Trait Anxiety Inventory as a post‑test and follow‑up. Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings of the study group were obtained at the cortical level. Electrodes for EEG measurements were recorded using the International 10/20 Electrode Placement System. EEG data were obtained using the EEG Analysis Program software. Following the data collection phase, all data were entered into cells based on items using SPSS 25 software. When the findings obtained in the study were examined, it was determined that the increasing levels of exposure and behavioral therapy applied for maladaptive anxiety decreased the anxiety levels compared to those before therapy. This finding can be interpreted as that the cortical function‑oriented application method for anxiety effectively reduced the anxiety levels of the study group. However, EEG asymmetry revealed a change in the data before and after the application. These findings demonstrate that the application affects the EEG asymmetry changes at the cortical level.