Effect of glucopyranosylidene-spiro-thiohydantoin on glycogen metabolism in liver tissues of streptozotocin-induced and obese diabetic rats
Affiliations: Department of Medical Chemistry, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary, Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Debrecen, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
- Published online on: March 22, 2011 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2011.464
- Pages: 477-481
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The major role of liver glycogen is to supply glucose to the circulation in order to maintain normal blood glucose levels. In the muscle and liver, the accumulation and breakdown of glycogen are regulated by the reciprocal activities of glycogen phosphorylase and glycogen synthase. Glycogen phosphorylase catalyses the key step of glycogen degradation and its activity is inhibited by glucose and its analogues. Thus, any readily accessible inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase may serve as a potential therapy for non-insulin-dependent or type 2 diabetes. Hepatic glycogen phosphorylase has been identified as a novel target for drugs that control blood glucose concentration. Glucopyranosylidene-spiro-thiohydantoin (TH) was found to be one of the most potent glucose derivates, inhibiting the catalytic activity of both muscle and liver glycogen phosphorylase. Here, we demonstrated the co-ordinated regulation of glycogen phosphorylase and synthase by 50 µM TH in liver extracts of Wistar rats, resulting in the activation of synthase by a shortening of the latency compared to control animals. TH was also effective in lowering blood glucose levels and restoring hepatic glycogen content in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Furthermore, intravenous administration of TH to Zucker diabetic fatty rats significantly decreased hepatic glycogen phosphorylase a levels, and the activation of synthase was initiated without any delay.