Open Access

Upregulation of miR-142-5p in atherosclerotic plaques and regulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced apoptosis in macrophages

  • Authors:
    • Ruijin Xu
    • Chenglong Bi
    • Jiantao Song
    • Lin Wang
    • Cheng Ge
    • Xinxin Liu
    • Mei Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 13, 2015     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.3191
  • Pages: 3229-3234
  • Copyright: © Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY_NC 3.0].

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Abstract

MicroRNA (miR)‑142‑5p is a member of the miR‑142 family, which have been shown to be associated with tumors, stem cells and disorders of the immune system. However, the role of miR‑142‑5p in atherosclerosis has yet to be investigated. In the present study, an atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E‑deficient (apoE‑/‑) mouse model was constructed and fed a high‑fat diet. The expression levels of miR‑142‑5p in the murine atherosclerotic plaques were detected by gene microarray analysis. In addition, an in vitro assay was used to determine the expression levels of miR‑142‑5p in human endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and macrophages, which were treated with oxidized low‑density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL). Furthermore, a miR‑142‑5p inhibitor and mimic was transfected into cultured human macrophages, in order to observe the effects on transforming growth factor‑β2 (TGF‑β2) expression. The effects of co‑transfection of the miR‑142‑5p inhibitor or mimic with TGF‑β2, in human macrophages, on the rate of apoptosis was analyzed. The expression levels of miR‑142‑5p were 6.84‑fold higher in mice with stable atherosclerotic plaques, and 2.69‑fold higher in mice with vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques, as compared with the controls. Furthermore, the expression levels of miR‑142‑5p were upregulated in the cultured human macrophages. The percentage of apoptotic cells was lowest in the macrophages transfected with both TGF‑β2 and miR‑142‑5p inhibitors and treated with ox‑LDL. The expression levels of miR‑142‑5p were upregulated in the atherosclerotic plaques of the apoE‑/‑ mice. The findings of the present study have shown that the upregulation of miR‑142‑5p expression may regulate apoptosis in human macrophages by targeting TGF‑β2. This effect may have an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis.
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May-2015
Volume 11 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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Spandidos Publications style
Xu R, Bi C, Song J, Wang L, Ge C, Liu X and Zhang M: Upregulation of miR-142-5p in atherosclerotic plaques and regulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced apoptosis in macrophages. Mol Med Rep 11: 3229-3234, 2015
APA
Xu, R., Bi, C., Song, J., Wang, L., Ge, C., Liu, X., & Zhang, M. (2015). Upregulation of miR-142-5p in atherosclerotic plaques and regulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced apoptosis in macrophages. Molecular Medicine Reports, 11, 3229-3234. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.3191
MLA
Xu, R., Bi, C., Song, J., Wang, L., Ge, C., Liu, X., Zhang, M."Upregulation of miR-142-5p in atherosclerotic plaques and regulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced apoptosis in macrophages". Molecular Medicine Reports 11.5 (2015): 3229-3234.
Chicago
Xu, R., Bi, C., Song, J., Wang, L., Ge, C., Liu, X., Zhang, M."Upregulation of miR-142-5p in atherosclerotic plaques and regulation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced apoptosis in macrophages". Molecular Medicine Reports 11, no. 5 (2015): 3229-3234. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.3191