Development of uracil-DNA-glycosylase-supplemented loop-mediated isothermal amplification coupled with nanogold probe (UDG-LAMP-AuNP) for specific detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Orapan Manajit
- Siwaporn Longyant
- Paisarn Sithigorngul
- Parin Chaivisuthangkura
Affiliations: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
- Published online on: February 2, 2018 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2018.8557
Copyright: © Manajit
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is an important opportunistic pathogen that causes serious infections in humans, including keratitis in contact lens wearers. Therefore, establishing a rapid, specific and sensitive method for the identification of P. aeruginosa is imperative. In the present study, the uracil-DNA-glycosylase-supplemented loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with nanogold labeled hybridization probe (UDG-LAMP-AuNP) was developed for the detection of P. aeruginosa. UDG-LAMP was performed to prevent carry over contamination and the LAMP reactions can be readily observed using the nanogold probe. A set of 4 primers and a hybridization probe were designed based on the ecfX gene. The UDG-LAMP reactions were performed at 65˚C for 60 min using the ratio of 40% deoxyuridine triphosphate to 60% deoxythymidine triphosphate. The detection of UDG-LAMP products using the nanogold labeled hybridization probe, which appeared as a red-purple color, was examined at 65˚C for 5 min with 40 mM MgSO4. The UDG-LAMP-AuNP demonstrated specificity to all tested isolates of P. aeruginosa without cross reaction to other bacteria. The sensitivity for the detection of pure culture was 1.6x103 colony-forming units (CFU) ml-1 or equivalent to 3 CFU per reaction while that of polymerase chain reaction was 30 CFU per reaction. The detection limit of spiked contact lenses was 1.1x103 CFU ml-1 or equivalent to 2 CFU per reaction. In conclusion, the UDG-LAMP-AuNP assay was rapid, simple, specific and was effective for the identification of P. aeruginosa in contaminated samples.