Anti‑inflammatory compounds moracin O and P from Morus alba Linn. (Sohakuhi) target the NF‑κB pathway
- Besse Hardianti
- Lin Umeyama
- Feng Li
- Satoru Yokoyama
- Yoshihiro Hayakawa
Affiliations: Department of Research and Development, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama 930‑0194, Japan
- Published online on: October 20, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11615
Copyright: © Hardianti
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammation is linked to multiple pathological processes and induces cellular and molecular damage through the activation of inflammatory signaling pathways, including the NF‑κB pathway. The aim of the present study was to identify natural anti‑inflammatory products that can target NF‑κB activity, in order to establish a novel therapeutic approach for inflammatory diseases. Using a 4T1 breast cancer cell line that expresses the firefly luciferase gene under the control of an NF‑κB response element, 112 natural products were tested for their anti‑inflammatory properties. Sohakuhi (Morus alba Linn. bark) extract was observed to strongly suppress NF‑κB activity without affecting cell viability. To further examine the anti‑inflammatory effect of Sohakuhi, tumor necrosis factor‑related apoptosis‑inducing ligand (TRAIL)‑induced cellular damage of human HaCaT keratinocytes was evaluated. While TRAIL triggered the phosphorylation of the p65 subunit of NF‑κB, leading to cellular damage in HaCaT cells, treatment with Sohakuhi extract protected HaCaT cells against TRAIL‑induced cellular damage. Moreover, Sohakuhi treatment also upregulated the anti‑apoptotic proteins Bcl‑xL and Bcl‑2. Importantly, through chemical fractionation of Sohakuhi extract, moracin O and P were confirmed to mediate its anti‑inflammatory effects. Collectively, the present results indicated that Sohakuhi and moracin may represent potential candidates for the development of novel anti‑inflammatory drugs.