Open Access

RNAi-mediated IARS2 knockdown inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in human melanoma A375 cells

  • Authors:
    • Dongmei Ma
    • Song Li
    • Xiaojuan Nie
    • Lamei Chen
    • Nan Chen
    • Dongsheng Hou
    • Xiuhong Liu
    • Binbin Gao
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 29, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11688
  • Pages: 1093-1100
  • Copyright: © Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

IARS2, which encodes the mitochondrial form of isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, has been found to play an important role in a range of diseases, including cancer. However, the relationship between IARS2 and melanoma is still unclear. To evaluate the role of IARS2 in melanoma, we constructed a stable A375 cell line with IARS2 knockdown via lentivirus-mediated small interfering RNAs. The expression of IARS2 was measured by real time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction and western blot analysis. Cell counting, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and colony formation assay were conducted to assess the effect of IARS2 on melanoma cell proliferation. Flow cytometry assay was used to determine cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution in melanoma A375 cells. Finally, immunohistochemistry was employed to validate the expression of IARS2 protein in melanoma tissues. In this study it was found that IARS2 was highly expressed in melanoma cell lines. Furthermore, IARS2 protein also exhibited elevated expression in the tumour tissues obtained from melanoma patients. After suppression of the mRNA expression of IARS2, the proliferation and colony formation ability of the A375 cells were significantly inhibited, while the proportion of apoptotic A375 cells increased significantly, as indicated by an enhanced phosphatidylserine externalization and caspase 3/7 activity after IARS2 knockdown. Further investigations found that knockdown of IARS2 arrested cells in the G1 phase. The results suggested that IARS2 is critical for proliferation and apoptosis of melanoma cells.

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August-2020
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Spandidos Publications style
Ma D, Li S, Nie X, Chen L, Chen N, Hou D, Liu X and Gao B: RNAi-mediated IARS2 knockdown inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in human melanoma A375 cells. Oncol Lett 20: 1093-1100, 2020
APA
Ma, D., Li, S., Nie, X., Chen, L., Chen, N., Hou, D. ... Gao, B. (2020). RNAi-mediated IARS2 knockdown inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in human melanoma A375 cells. Oncology Letters, 20, 1093-1100. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11688
MLA
Ma, D., Li, S., Nie, X., Chen, L., Chen, N., Hou, D., Liu, X., Gao, B."RNAi-mediated IARS2 knockdown inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in human melanoma A375 cells". Oncology Letters 20.2 (2020): 1093-1100.
Chicago
Ma, D., Li, S., Nie, X., Chen, L., Chen, N., Hou, D., Liu, X., Gao, B."RNAi-mediated IARS2 knockdown inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in human melanoma A375 cells". Oncology Letters 20, no. 2 (2020): 1093-1100. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11688