Open Access

Diagnostic performance of a nomogram incorporating cribriform morphology for the prediction of adverse pathology in prostate cancer at radical prostatectomy

  • Authors:
    • Baojun Wang
    • Jie Gao
    • Qing Zhang
    • Yao Fu
    • Guangxiang Liu
    • Chengwei Zhang
    • Wang Wei
    • Haifeng Huang
    • Jiong Shi
    • Danyan Li
    • Hongqian Guo
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 10, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11861
  • Pages: 2797-2805
  • Copyright: © Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

The aim of the present study was to develop a novel nomogram that incorporated clinical factors, imaging parameters and biopsy pathological factors (including cribriform morphology) to predict adverse pathology in prostate cancer (PCa). A total of 223 patients with PCa, who had undergone preoperative multi‑parametric magnetic resonance imaging and had a biopsy of Gleason pattern (GP) 4, absence of GP 5 and pure Grade Group (GG) 3 [Gleason score (GS) 3+4, GS 4+3, GS 4+4], were retrospectively enrolled onto the study. The contribution of GG to the biopsy and Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI‑RADS) score for PCa harboring adverse pathology were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine significant pathology predictors of adverse pathology for nomogram development. The nomogram was internally validated using bootstrapping with 1,000 iterations. The diagnostic performance of the nomogram was analyzed by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis and decision curve analysis (DCA). A higher biopsy GG and PI‑RADS score were associated with an increased likelihood of adverse pathology. Prostate specific antigen density (PSAD), biopsy GG, cribriform morphology on biopsy and PI‑RADS score were significant predictors and were included in the nomogram. The ROC area under the curve of the nomogram was 0.88 (95% confidence interval, 0.84‑0.91), with a high specificity (0.91) and moderate sensitivity (0.72). The novel nomogram was shown to have a higher net benefit for the prediction of adverse pathology in PCa, compared with any individual factors determined by DCA. Overall, a novel nomogram incorporating PSAD, PI‑RADS score, biopsy GG and cribriform morphology on biopsy was shown to perform well in the prediction of PCa harboring adverse pathology at the time of radical prostatectomy.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
x
Spandidos Publications style
Wang B, Gao J, Zhang Q, Fu Y, Liu G, Zhang C, Wei W, Huang H, Shi J, Li D, Li D, et al: Diagnostic performance of a nomogram incorporating cribriform morphology for the prediction of adverse pathology in prostate cancer at radical prostatectomy. Oncol Lett 20: 2797-2805, 2020
APA
Wang, B., Gao, J., Zhang, Q., Fu, Y., Liu, G., Zhang, C. ... Guo, H. (2020). Diagnostic performance of a nomogram incorporating cribriform morphology for the prediction of adverse pathology in prostate cancer at radical prostatectomy. Oncology Letters, 20, 2797-2805. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11861
MLA
Wang, B., Gao, J., Zhang, Q., Fu, Y., Liu, G., Zhang, C., Wei, W., Huang, H., Shi, J., Li, D., Guo, H."Diagnostic performance of a nomogram incorporating cribriform morphology for the prediction of adverse pathology in prostate cancer at radical prostatectomy". Oncology Letters 20.3 (2020): 2797-2805.
Chicago
Wang, B., Gao, J., Zhang, Q., Fu, Y., Liu, G., Zhang, C., Wei, W., Huang, H., Shi, J., Li, D., Guo, H."Diagnostic performance of a nomogram incorporating cribriform morphology for the prediction of adverse pathology in prostate cancer at radical prostatectomy". Oncology Letters 20, no. 3 (2020): 2797-2805. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2020.11861