Role of exosomes in cellular communication between tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment (Review)
Affiliations: Department of Clinical Immunology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Sciences and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430000, P.R. China
- Published online on: May 31, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2022.13360
Copyright: © Li
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Exosomes are nanovesicles secreted by almost all types of cells. They contain RNAs, microRNAs, proteins and other bioactive substances, and can be used as carriers and for communication between cells. They regulate numerous biological processes, such as tumor development, cell proliferation and resistance to chemotherapy. Exosome‑mediated communication between tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment (TME) is crucial in the initiation and progression of tumor development. The present review aims to summarize the role of exosomes in mediating the communication between tumor cells and the TME and to suggest the potential use of exosomes as targets for the development of novel therapeutic strategies against cancer.