PRIMARY LYMPHOMA OF THE LIVER - A CASE-REPORT AND A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
- R FRANCHI
- C ABBIATI
- A SIGNAROLDI
- GC QUADRELLI
- M MAGGIONI
- G SBALZARINI
Affiliations: OSPED CIV CASALPUSTERLENGO,SERV RADIOL,I-20071 CASALPUSTERLENGO,ITALY. UNIV MILAN,CATTEDRA ANAT & ISTOL PATOL 2,MILAN,ITALY.
- Published online on: November 1, 1995 https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2.6.1017
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A case of primary lymphoma of the liver in a 72-year-old man is reported. The patient showed a three to four month history of abdominal ache, low grade fever, and weight loss. The presence of a large mass occupying the V and VT hepatic segments was demonstrated; no other organs were involved and no evidence of lymphoadenopathy was found. Laboratory tests showed a remarkable increase in ESR, LDH and alkaline phosphatase while CEA and alpha-1 fetoprotein were within the normal values. Two ultrasound-guided needle biopsies on the hepatic lesion did not produce any significant tissue for diagnosis. Therefore the V and VI hepatic segments were excised; a hard, greyish mass with the largest diameter of 6.5 cm, was found at laparatomy. Histology of the surgical specimen showed the presence of a malignant non-Hodgking's B-cell lymphoma, centroblastic-centrocytic, diffuse type (working formulation: G) of intermediate grade of malignancy. Staging was completed with lymphography, and bone marrow biopsy; both proved normal. After the operation adjuvant chemotherapy was commenced (COP for six cycles). Follow-up has so far shown no signs of recurrence after 24 months. In conclusion, the diagnosis of primary lymphoma of the liver is very difficult and is often reached only after histologic evaluation of the surgical specimen. Moreover, this disease has a much more favourable prognosis than the hepatocellular carcinoma and other primary or secondary liver cancers; therefore accurate investigations are important to reach the correct diagnosis.