Effect of the knockdown of death-associated protein 1 expression on cell adhesion, growth and migration in breast cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • Umar Wazir
    • Andrew J. Sanders
    • Ali Wazir
    • Ruqia Mehmood Baig
    • Wen G. Jiang
    • Irina C. Ster
    • Anup K. Sharma
    • Kefah Mokbel
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 22, 2014     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2014.3686
  • Pages: 1450-1458
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Abstract

Death-associated protein 1 (DAP1) is a highly conserved phosphoprotein involved in the regulation of autophagy. A previous clinical study by our group suggested an association between low DAP1 expression and clinicopathological parameters of human breast cancer. In the present study, we aimed to determine the role of DAP1 in cancer cell behaviour in the context of human breast cancer. We developed knockdown sublines of MCF7 and MDA-MB‑231, and performed growth, adhesion and invasion assays and electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) studies of the post-wound migration of cells. In addition, we studied the mRNA expression of caspase 8 and 9, DELE, IPS1, cyclin D1 and p21 in the control and knockdown sublines. Knockdown was associated with increased adhesion and migration, significantly so in the MDA-MB-231DAP1kd cell subline (p=0.029 and p=0.001, respectively). Growth in MCF7 cells showed a significant suppression on day 3 (p=0.029), followed by an increase in growth matching the controls on day 5. While no change in the apoptotic response to serum starvation could be attributed to DAP1 knockdown, the expression of known components of the apoptosis pathway (caspase 8) and cell cycle (p21) was significantly reduced in the MCF7DAP1kd cell subline (p≤0.05), while in MDA-MB-231DAP1kd the expression of a pro-apoptotic molecule, IPS1, was suppressed (p≤0.05). DAP1 may have an important role in cell adhesion, migration and growth in the context of breast cancer and has significant associations with the apoptosis pathway. Furthermore, we believe that delayed increase in growth observed in the MCF7DAP1kd cell subline may indicate activation of a strongly pro-oncogenic pathway downstream of DAP1.

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March 2015
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APA
Wazir, U., Sanders, A.J., Wazir, A., Baig, R.M., Jiang, W.G., Ster, I.C. ... Mokbel, K. (2015). Effect of the knockdown of death-associated protein 1 expression on cell adhesion, growth and migration in breast cancer cells. Oncology Reports, 33, 1450-1458. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2014.3686
MLA
Wazir, U., Sanders, A. J., Wazir, A., Baig, R. M., Jiang, W. G., Ster, I. C., Sharma, A. K., Mokbel, K."Effect of the knockdown of death-associated protein 1 expression on cell adhesion, growth and migration in breast cancer cells". Oncology Reports 33.3 (2015): 1450-1458.
Chicago
Wazir, U., Sanders, A. J., Wazir, A., Baig, R. M., Jiang, W. G., Ster, I. C., Sharma, A. K., Mokbel, K."Effect of the knockdown of death-associated protein 1 expression on cell adhesion, growth and migration in breast cancer cells". Oncology Reports 33, no. 3 (2015): 1450-1458. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2014.3686