Ethanol extract of Patrinia scabiosaefolia induces the death of human renal cell carcinoma 786-O cells via SIRT-1 and mTOR signaling-mediated metabolic disruptions

  • Authors:
    • Zeyan Li
    • Yueqing Tang
    • Shiqin Zhu
    • Dawei Li
    • Xiao Han
    • Gangli Gu
    • Naidong Xing
    • Juchao Ren
    • Zhaoxin Guo
    • Wei Jiao
    • Lei Yan
    • Zhonghua Xu
    • Wenhua Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 7, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.6139
  • Pages:764-772
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Abstract

Recently, natural plant extracts have shown tremendous potential as novel antitumor drugs. Patrinia scabiosaefolia, a traditional prescription for inflammatory diseases, has been reported to effectively suppress various types of cancers. However, the mechanisms underlying its antitumor properties remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the antitumor effects of an ethanol extract of Patrinia scabiosaefolia (EPS) on human renal cell carcinoma 786-O cells. After 24 h of incubation with EPS, the cell viability and colony number of 786-O cells were significantly decreased in a concentration-dependent manner as compared to the control group as determined by MTT and colony formation assays, respectively. The necrotic rate and apoptotic rate in the EPS exposure group were significantly higher than these rates noted in the control group as revealed by LDH release assay and Hoechst 33342/ PI double staining, respectively. At the concentration of 1.0 mg/ml, the necrotic and apoptotic rates reached 41.7±6.6 and 7.8±1.4%, respectively (P<0.01). However, the fluorescence intensity of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was markedly elevated from 0.029±0.0007 to 0.060±0.003 (P<0.001) after the intervention of EPS. Moreover, the fluorescence intensity of intracellular ROS in the EPS exposure group was significantly higher (0.074±0.005) compared to that observed in the control group (0.033±0.001, P<0.001), which was partly attenuated by the specific antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Furthermore, our results demonstrated that EPS significantly downregulated the expression of SIRT-1 and obviously induced the dephosphorylation of mTOR. Moreover, combined treatment with the SIRT-1 inhibitor nicotinamide and EPS was able to significantly enhance the induction of necrosis and reduction in cell viability of 786-O cells noted following treatment with EPS alone. In summary, we conclude that EPS induced the death of 786-O cells via SIRT-1 and mTOR signaling-mediated metabolic disruptions, which provide novel insight into the application of natural plant extracts for the treatment of cancers.

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February 2018
Volume 39 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

2016 Impact Factor: 2.662
Ranked #31/217 Oncology
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APA
Li, Z., Tang, Y., Zhu, S., Li, D., Han, X., Gu, G. ... Zhang, W. (2018). Ethanol extract of Patrinia scabiosaefolia induces the death of human renal cell carcinoma 786-O cells via SIRT-1 and mTOR signaling-mediated metabolic disruptions. Oncology Reports, 39, 764-772. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.6139
MLA
Li, Z., Tang, Y., Zhu, S., Li, D., Han, X., Gu, G., Xing, N., Ren, J., Guo, Z., Jiao, W., Yan, L., Xu, Z., Zhang, W."Ethanol extract of Patrinia scabiosaefolia induces the death of human renal cell carcinoma 786-O cells via SIRT-1 and mTOR signaling-mediated metabolic disruptions". Oncology Reports 39.2 (2018): 764-772.
Chicago
Li, Z., Tang, Y., Zhu, S., Li, D., Han, X., Gu, G., Xing, N., Ren, J., Guo, Z., Jiao, W., Yan, L., Xu, Z., Zhang, W."Ethanol extract of Patrinia scabiosaefolia induces the death of human renal cell carcinoma 786-O cells via SIRT-1 and mTOR signaling-mediated metabolic disruptions". Oncology Reports 39, no. 2 (2018): 764-772. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.6139