Experience in the treatment of pulmonary nocardiosis: A report of a fatal case
- Yuhong Li
- Hong Liu
- Youlu Shen
Affiliations: Department of Respiratory Medicine, Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, Xining, Qinghai 810001, P.R. China, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital, Xining, Qinghai 810001, P.R. China
- Published online on: April 27, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2021.104
Copyright : © Li
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Commons Attribution License [CC BY 4.0].
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Pulmonary nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection that is commonly observed in immunocompromised individuals and in those with chronic disease. The present study reports the case of a female patient who was diagnosed with an intermuscular abscess in the left leg and with pulmonary nocardiosis. The patient had a 20-year history of the use of paracetamol and codeine phosphate drugs for the alleviation of headaches. The patient was treated with linezolid and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). The symptoms of the patient improved and the patient was discharged 14 days later. The drug was discontinued spontaneously following discharge and the patient then passed away two months later. On the whole, the present study highlights the importance of the early diagnosis and standard treatment for pulmonary nocardiosis.