Human papillomavirus and oral manifestations in a patient with HIV: A case report and literature review
- Karthik Rajarammohan
- Ravikumar Pethagounder Thangavelu
- Saramma Mathew Fenn
- Arun Viggness
Affiliations: Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vinayaka Mission's Sankarachariyar Dental College, Vinayaka Mission's Research Foundation (Deemed to be University), Ariyanoor, Tamil Nadu 636308, India
- Published online on: September 13, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2021.127
Copyright: © Rajarammohan
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Oral lesions in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) include acute pseudomembranous candidiasis, pigmentation, HIV‑associated periodontitis and oral hairy leukoplakia. Papillomas can also occur in patients with HIV. Papillomas are benign exophytic growths that can occur anywhere in the human body. The surface of such papillomas have characteristic numerous finger‑like projections and usually appear necrotic due to thrombosed capillaries. The present study describes the case of a 72‑year‑old male patient with HIV with various oral lesions. The present study also discusses the incidence and presentation of papillomas and their association with HIV, and emphasizes that, if papillomas are present on the skin or oral mucosa, they can be used as a clinical marker for HIV, indicating an underlying immunosuppressive state. Thus, caution is required when a skin papilloma is clinically detected in a patient.